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book report mla Why do book reports strike terror in the hearts of most students? Simply, writing a book report is not easy. A book report challenges students to think and write critically about what they’ve read. In the early elementary grades, extra support is given, often with book report worksheets that prompt students to write about a favorite character and other book details. But as children progress through upper elementary, middle, and high school, they are expected to write book reports independently. At Time4Writing, we work with students on an individual basis to develop their writing skills through online writing courses. We hope this roadmap helps your child navigate writing a school book report with a minimum amount of terror! How to bio read Write a Book Report. Before you write, read. There’s no substitute for reading the book.
Choose a book you’ll enjoy—reading should be fun, not a chore! Read with a pen and paper at culture your side. Jotting down page numbers and notes about significant passages will be very useful when it comes time to write. Remember, unless your book is bio read, a personal copy, don’t write in describe your the book itself. Use a Book Report Outline. Bio Read. After reading the book, you are ready to start the harassment, writing process.
When writing a book report, or when answering any writing prompt, you#8217;ll find writing easier if you follow the proven steps of the writing process: prewriting, writing, revising, editing, and publishing. In the first step, prewriting, you’ll plan what you want to say. An outline is a great prewriting tool for book reports. Bio Read. Start your book report outline with the following five ideas. Each idea should correspond to on sexual harassment a paragraph: 2. Bio Read. Summary of Book. 3. Book Details: Characters. Mom Essay. 4. Book Details: Plot. 5. Evaluation and bio read, Conclusion. In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for each of these paragraphs. Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for book report content. Review your teacher’s instructions before you create your book report outline.
Most book reports begin with the basic information about the book: the book’s title, author, genre, and publication information (publisher, number of pages, and year published). The opening paragraph is also your opportunity to build interest by separation, mentioning any unusual facts or circumstances about the writing of the book or noteworthy credentials of the bio read, author. Was the book a bestseller? Is the author a well-known authority on the subject? Book reports are personal, too, so it’s perfectly acceptable to role of education state why you chose to read it. In the bio read, body of the book report—paragraphs two, three, and four—you’ll describe what the book is about. This is your chance to separation thesis show you’ve read and understood the book. Assuming you’ve read a fiction book, below are helpful writing tips: Summary: Start this paragraph by writing an overview of the story, including its setting, time period, main characters, and plot. Specify who tells the story (point of view) and bio read, the tone or atmosphere of the book. Is it a creepy tale of suspense or a lighthearted adventure?
Character Details: In this paragraph, describe the main characters and on sexual harassment, identify the major conflict or problem the bio read, main characters are trying to solve. You can also write another paragraph about the other characters in the book. Plot Details: In writing about the plot, you don’t need to tell every detail of the story. Instead, focus on the main sequence of events. You can discuss plot highlights, from the rising action to the book’s climax and conflict resolution. Make sure you mention the author’s use of any literary devices you’ve been studying in class.
Book Reports on Non-fiction. If you are writing a book report on a biography or other factual text, you’ll want to and contrast devote the body of your book report to a description of the bio read, book’s subject and the author’s points of view. Use the chapter headings to help you present the author’s ideas and role of education, arguments in an orderly manner. As with a fictional plot, you don’t have to cover every argument made by the author. Instead, choose the main ideas and bio read, the ones most interesting to you. If you read a biography, write about some of the compare and contrast essay, important events in bio read the person’s life. Personal Evaluation and Conclusion.
You’ll like writing the final paragraph because it is here that you’ll be able to offer your own critique of the book. What are the book’s strengths and weaknesses? Did the mom essay, book hold your interest? What did you learn from the book? If you read a work of bio read, fiction, how did the book affect you? If you read non-fiction, were you swayed by the author’s arguments? Try to be balanced in your opinions, and support your statements with examples from the book. Give your honest opinion of the essay, book and whether or not you would recommend it to others. Revising, Editing, and Publishing.
After you’ve drafted your book report, you’re ready to follow the next three steps of the writing process: revising, editing, and publishing. Begin revising by bio read, reading your book report aloud or to writing bloomington a friend for feedback. As you edit, check your grammar and use of the bio read, correct guidelines for book quotes and writing the book title. Separation Thesis. Give enough time to revising and editing, and bio read, your published book report will be that much better. Book Reports: A Type of Expository Essay. A book report is usually written as an expository essay, although it can be written in describe your other forms. In some cases, a teacher will ask students to take a point of view when writing a book report. Here is an example: “Explain why Hoot by Carl Hiiassen is the best American kid’s novel of the bio read, last decade.
Please use examples.” This type of writing prompt requires a persuasive style of writing. Teachers may also assign book reviews, which challenge students to persuade their classmates to read or not read a particular book. If writing a book review, don’t reveal the ending! Rely on Your Writing Training to Write Book Reports. Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes and one-to-one, teacher-led instruction help in essay building students’ writing skills.
When students develop strong basic skills, they can succeed at any writing assignment, including a book report. Time4Writing offers online writing courses for kids in elementary, middle school, and high school, and bio read, pairs each student with a certified teacher for personalized writing instruction. Time4Writing’s eight-week, online writing courses are highly effective in helping students develop their writing skills and services mn, building confidence. Find out bio read, how Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes can make a real difference in your child’s writing.
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Male Magic: A Midsummer Night#039;s Dream - Essay. See also A Midsummer Night's Dream Criticism (Volume 29), and Volumes 45 , 58 , 82 . Irene Dash, Hunter College of the City University of New York. And with the juice of this I'll streak her eyes, And make her full of hateful fantasies. Whether in the fantasy world of the forest or the bio read equally fantastic world of Athens on writing bloomington a midsummer night, this play reveals how power, particularly political power, impinges on and shapes women's lives. Ranging from queens—Hippolyta, a character taken from mythology, and Titania, belonging to the fairy world—to youthful Athenian maidens in love, to a parodic heroine in an entertainment for the Duke's guests, these characters illustrate women's varied reactions to the imposition of power. One seems to adjust; one discovers new facts about herself; one serves as a lens for looking at the larger world; and one significantly reveals the tragic dimensions of the loss of power.
Least mortal and yet seeming in her speeches and attitudes to mimic the mortal world, the bio read fairy queen illustrates most clearly the loss of resume write self—the abdication of autonomy—that may follow a woman's being victimized, even by fairy power. In developing the early emotional relationship between her and Oberon, the fairy king, Shakespeare seems to have drawn on bio read the world around him for models. Thus when Titania refuses to comply to Oberon's demands, he vows in separation thesis, pique and jealousy to bio read, streak her eyes with magic juice and make her full of hateful fantasies (II.i.257-58). Moreover, moments before he carries out his threat, he becomes more explicit: Be it ounce, or cat, or bear, Pard, or boar with bristled hair,
In the eye that shall appear. When thou wak'st, it is thy dear: Wake when some vile thing is near. In fact, she does wake and call some vile thing her dear. How then do we interpret this? Is it the act of magic that forces her to fall in love with an ass, or at least with a character who has been temporarily transformed into an ass? Or are we to harassment, accept much of the bio read criticism that suggests her erotic desire for the ass reflects her true nature—the nature of woman? Does Titania at this moment awaken from her dream, look at the monster, and desire him, as Jan Kott (228) suggests? Or is she basically still dreaming, hypnotized by a magic spell, never awakening until Oberon, later in the play, having achieved his purpose, removes that magic juice and Titania, chastened but also transformed from the outspoken character of the early scene, looks with loathing at the ass she embraced? Although her disagreement with Oberon lies at resume writing services bloomington the heart of the play, Titania does not enter until the bio read beginning of the second act. Instead, Shakespeare first introduces other women more clearly caught in situations of political or social subordination than the fairy queen: specifically Hippolyta, the captive Amazonian queen; Hermia, the rebellious Athenian daughter; and separation, Helena who, in her complete self-denigration, illustrates more indirectly the impact of patriarchal power on women.
Interweaving a third plot strand culminating in the performance of bio read Pyramus and write, Thisbe, the comedy also provides a dual vision of women in patriarchy near the play's close. Parodying the tragic results of arbitrary parental power, this play-within-a-play in its metadramatic dimension offers insights into the mainly silent women, now married, in the audience. Artistically, the dramatist weaves a complex multifaceted plot that exposes the political and domestic challenges confronting women while creating situations that throw us into the world of comedy. On stage, music, dancing, and fairy magic, as well as the romping of the mechanicals, have masked this power struggle. In criticism, the lure of the poetry, the bio read concept of topsy turvy, the illusion of dreams, and theories of mythology have often tended to dubai, blur any interest in the domination of bio read women. Some critics have even proposed that the culture compare and contrast essay play was written specifically for a wedding although none has yet been found. In fact, A Midsummer Night's Dream opens with anticipation of a wedding although it hardly reveals clearcut delight by both participants, Hippolyta and Theseus, the Duke of Athens, her captor but also her bridegroom: Now, fair Hippolyta, our nuptial hour. Draws on apace. Four happy days bring in.
Another moon; but 0, methinks, how slow. This old moon wanes! She lingers my desires, Like to bio read, a step-dame, or a dowager, Long withering out a young man's revenue. His reference to happy days and the final fulfilling of his desire meets a noncommittal response from the bride. Acknowledging that four days swiftly pass, she indicates neither joy nor sorrow as she anticipates the night / Of our solemnities (10-11). Her ambiguous answer leads Theseus to search further. Still the host, if also the thesis victor, he sends his master of the revels on an errand to: Stir up the bio read Athenian youth to merriments, Awake the pert and nimble spirit of mirth.
He would have his bride be merry. Continuing, he relies on a strange metaphor to separation, reinforce his invitation to bio read, joyous celebration: Turn melancholy forth to funerals: The pale companion is not for our pomp. Why speak of funerals, even as a contrast to mirth, unless, perhaps a subtext exists here? Although pale companion defines the personified melancholy, contextually the words seem linked to Hippolyta, addressed in the very next word: Hippolyta, I woo'd thee with my sword, And won thy love doing thee injuries;
But I will wed thee in another key. Is he apologizing for his earlier role? She fails to your, reply. His speeches suggest a shift in perception of woman from enemy to lover to wife, with the implication of woman's submission to bio read, man. As courtesy books and religious tracts of the period indicate, that reference to love and role, marriage, while including mutuality, also meant acknowledging man's superiority. Bio Read! 1.
This first scene, particularly the opening entrance and the elliptical conversation between Theseus and his bride, have allowed for a range of services mn interpretations on stage because of Hippolyta's silence. Directors and bio read, actor-managers have long manipulated both the action and audience attitude toward a character or a situation during such silences. Essay On Sexual! Writing of bio read this phenomenon recently, particularly as it affects productions, one critic observed: Hippolyta's silence is open not because Shakespeare. lacked the skill to give her words but because he. did not exercise that skill, did not employ the power. of his poet's pen to give her silence precisely. fixed meanings and effects. (McGuire, 17) McGuire then cites examples from four productions since 1959. However, Hippolyta's silence bothered actor-managers and directors well before mid twentieth century.
Because her role is so brief (she does not appear again until act 4) some, like David Garrick in The Fairies (1755), have cut her lines although she is compare and contrast physically present and combined Theseus's two speeches into a single long address. 2 Other eighteenth-century versions—like the two different Pyramus and Thisbes —are even skimpier, retaining only the comic characters and the fairies while jettisoning both Hippolyta and Theseus. 3 Earlier, during the Restoration, comic interludes, separated from the larger overall scheme, and abbreviated versions held the stage, culminating in the opera The Fairy Queen (1692), from which Hippolyta disappeared. 4. But even when a fuller text appeared, as it did in Frederick Reynolds's 1816 production ( MND Prompt, 18), often called an opera, alterations were made that softened the opening. Some occurred in the text itself, as, for example, when Reynolds not only retained the conversation between the victor and his bride, but elaborated on it. In this version, Theseus's fourth act directive to bio read, a forester to resume, provide the music of the hounds, as entertainment for Hippolyta (IV.i.110), is attached to that opening promise to bio read, wed her in another key (I.i.18), an attempt to strengthen the attractiveness of the bridegroom. 5. A far more recent example of Hippolyta's silence disappearing after Theseus's lines I woo'd thee with my sword, /.. . Services Bloomington! But I will wed thee in another key occurs in the 1935 Max Reinhardt film where he transposes the sequence of speeches.
In the film, Theseus's lines precede, rather than follow, Hippolyta's single speech and therefore evoke her immediate and soothing comment Four days will quickly steep themselves in night; / Four nights will quickly dream away the bio read time (7-8). Nor can Reinhardt's film be looked upon as a single aberration. Resume Writing! Rather, the bio read German director provides an important link between stage and screen, having produced the play eleven times (beginning in 1905) prior to making the film in essay on sexual harassment, 1934. Free of the confining limits of the stage, he could, as film director, waft his viewers from one location to another, jumping from a distant scene to a close-up of a particular character. In a section of the bio read film script later discarded, Reinhardt not only appears to have been testing the breadth of this comparatively new medium but also offers insights into the finished film. The script also reflects the dubai resume write director's penchant for bio read, interpretation. Resume Services Mn! In quick succession, it carries us aboard Theseus's ship, drops us in the land of the Amazons, and involves us in the battle between Theseus and Hippolyta through visuals that act as prologue to bio read, the text.
Broad shots of the sea and dubai write, the distant castle of the Amazons are interwoven with close-ups of the two major figures. Bio Read! We read of Theseus standing on the prow of the ship, a glamorous figure in shining armor, against the dark background of the sail and of Hippolyta standing with a large wild dog at her side as she sternly watch[es] the approaching ship ( MND Warners, 1934). 6 Stern Hippolyta is contrasted with glamourous Theseus. Finally, when he appears on land followed by services bloomington mn, his staff, she takes up armor and weapons and shoots at him. He, however, lower(s) his shield laughing, the implication being that fighting against a woman is laughable and that she, of course, will miss her mark. Eventually, they end up in hand to hand battle, shield against bio read, shield, his shield flat upon hers, pressing it backward. The sequence continues: H[ippolyta].'s knee bending, interlocking with Theseus' leg Th[eseus].'s shoulder pressing H[ippolyta].'s shoulder downward. . . . Culture And Contrast! H[ippolyta].'s head and shoulders going backward.
Th[eseus].'s arm across H[ippolyta].'s shoulder, knocks the helmet from her head. H[ippolyta].'s long hair falls about her shoulders. H[ippolyta].'s head bends backward. Bio Read! Th[eseus].'s head comes into picture triumphantly. 7. There we have the classic picture of the implied rape-seduction scene although as the opening of A Midsummer Night 's Dream clearly indicates, Theseus waits to separation thesis, wed Hippolyta. 8 What remains of bio read this sequence is a clue to a point of view and to the play's early moments. In fact, as it was actually made, Reinhardt's film opens quite differently with a general celebratory air as crowds sing and cheer the returning victor, their Duke Theseus, with his captive queen who rides with him, her arm entwined by a snake, indicating her heathenish origins. . . . Later that snake will merely be a pattern on a civilized dress she wears.
The strange look on resume writing services bloomington her face during that opening entrance as well as her action in a subsequent scene probably owe their origins to this discarded script. In the bio read later scene, dressed like a lady, Hippolyta sits alone in a large open colosseumlike semicircular area surrounded by large columns (a Hollywood approximation of culture and contrast Athens) and looks wistfully across the water. Bio Read! Is she recollecting her former glory and and contrast essay, envisioning again the burning towers she left behind? Moments later, Theseus enters and kisses her hand. . . . Her reaction seems to suggest that she feels a thrill at his kiss. The rape-seduction undercurrent first suggested by their hand-to-hand battle when her helmet fell off is sustained here. In contrast, Liviu Ciulei's stage production, fifty years later, dramatically emphasized Hippolyta's role as a captive in bio read, that opening scene. Brought on stage where everyone is culture compare and contrast wearing white, Hippolyta enters in dark army garb.
Moments later, screened from audience view by her captors, she is basically stripped, her clothes thrown into bio read, the fire—all except her boots, which she confines to describe mom essay, wear—perhaps symbolically suggesting that some remnant of her former self remains—a remnant that allows her to express her hostility, by bio read, stamping her heels as an accompaniment to her sardonic laughter. Otherwise, she is redressed in writing services mn, a white gown. Someone holds a mirror to her. She turns away. Bio Read! When Theseus enters, there is laughter at his lines, as he says, But I will wed thee in another key. She simply turns around, and sits, her physical stance exuding hostility. Many versions simply eliminated this character, thus excising the describe frame and problems of interpretation, but also insights into how one queen eventually handles the humiliation of defeat. In her next appearance she has adopted an attitude of congeniality, quipping with Theseus about his knowledge of hounds. Moreover, in bio read, her final scene she takes on an even more complicated role as the resume services bloomington mn only speaking woman in bio read, a world of men. Out of the theater, the Hippolyta and separation, Theseus relationship evoked still another reaction. Margaret Fuller, the midnineteenth-century American feminist essayist, in bio read, her outspoken work Woman in the Nineteenth Century, wrote: Only a Theseus could conquer before he wed the Amazonian queen.
Fuller compared Theseus to Hercules, who wished rather to culture, rest with Dejanira, and received the poisoned robe as a fit guerdon.9 Whether or not Fuller had the historical story in mind, or Shakespeare's play, she nevertheless does offer an bio read alternative perspective on resume write the play's first nineteen lines. Hippolyta then fades into the background as another woman enters who must wrestle with her fate. Bio Read! Hermia is dragged in by her angry father, Egeus, who would have the laws of Athens enforced against her because she wishes to marry Lysander, the man of her choice, rather than Demetrius, her father's choice, although, as most critics agree, little difference exists between the suitors. As Muriel Bradbrook has observed, Shakespeare contributed to the development of comedy by breathing life into his characters through language. She compares this gift to the introduction of perspective in painting (89).
Accepting her analysis, we realize that the similarity between the young men is intentional and meant to highlight Egeus's unreasonableness. I am . as well deriv'd as he, protests Lysander, the describe your suitor who is bio read belov'd of beauteous Hermia: As well possess'd; my love is more than his; My fortunes every way as fairly rank'd. But the father refuses to listen, insisting that he may dispose of his daughter as he wishes, either to this gentleman [Demetrius] / Or to her death (42-44). Resume Write! Nor does Theseus, who only bio read moments earlier had pledged to wed Hippolyta in another key from that of conqueror, offer much hope to the young woman. Compare And Contrast Essay! Supporting her father, the bio read ruler warns of the your mom essay price of bio read disobedience: Either to mom essay, die the death, or to abjure / For ever the bio read society of men (65-66). Life in a nunnery, a retreat for and contrast, Isabella in Measure for Measure, has little appeal for Hermia.
It denies her normal sexuality. Moreover, she is a young woman in bio read, love. However, Theseus, the voice of political power, continues, unconcerned about her reactions. Spelling out the meaning of the resume writing services bloomington law, he details the young woman's choices: Therefore, fair Hermia, question your desires, Know of your youth, examine well your blood, Whether (if you yield not to your father's choice) You can endure the livery of a nun, For aye to be in bio read, shady cloister mew'd,
To live a barren sister all your life, Chaunting faint hymns to the cold fruitless moon. Barren, cold, and fruitless describe the sexual denial she must confront shouldz she disobey her father. Theseus presents a frightening alternative for her. Taking the father from Roman comedy, Shakespeare creates a comic scene with undercurrents of possibly tragic dimension. But sections of this speech as well as of and contrast Egeus's complaints against Lysander disappeared from the stage. Gone are such accusations against Lysander as thou has given her rhymes, / And interchanged love tokens; sung at her window verses of feigning love; seduced her With bracelets of bio read thy hair, rings, gauds, conceits; and, finally, Turned her obedience, which is due to me, / To stubborn harshness. Resume Writing! 10 Only Egeus's demand for the privilege of the father remained—the right to dispose of bio read her as he saw fit or to dubai write, call for the death penalty. Although retaining this harsh sentence, those who excised lines had effectively diminished the bio read speech's intensity through abbreviation.
Gone too from the stage are the and contrast closing lines of Theseus's admonition to bio read, Hermia defining the obligations of a daughter: To you your father should be as a god. One that composed your beauties; yea, and one. To whom you are but as a form in write, wax. By him imprinted and bio read, within his power. To leave the figure or disfigure it.
The image here, specifically the threat to disfigure, disturbed critics and editors as early as the eighteenth century. William Warburton, for example, sought to change the essay on sexual harassment last line, finding Theseus's statement inappropriate for comedy. In contrast, Samuel Johnson, always one to bio read, favor the text over any change of language, defended the describe mom essay word although still bothered by the meaning: I know not why so harsh a word should be admitted with so little need, a word that, spoken, could not be understood, and of which no example can be shown. The sense is plain, you owe to your father a being which he may at pleasure continue or destroy. (Yale Johnson, VII, 136) If that rather chilling ultimatum contributes to the portrait of a powerful ruler asserting the ideas of his society, stage productions, by omitting the last three and a half lines of Theseus's speech, frequently altered the image. In fact, some stage versions retained only the preceding line, Theseus's far more gentle, What say you, Hermia? Be advis'd, fair maid (46). 11 Because the interaction of characters helps define them, a weakened portrait of Hermia results from the combination of excisions in Theseus's and Egeus's speeches.
Facing less opposition, she need be less defiant. Bio Read! Or, looking at it another way, we see her as a less interesting character than the essay on sexual harassment sharp, courageous young woman Shakespeare begins to develop here. Illustrating just how complex this text is and how it may be read and reread for the stage, some twentieth-century directors have translated the relationship between the two women at bio read this moment on the stage as one of bonding: Hermia, who faces an anguished choice, and Hippolyta, who stands on the sidelines, listening. And here too promptbooks offer evidence. Beerbohm Tree's, for resume services, example, indicates the Amazonian queen's sympathy for the younger woman by directing: Hyp[polyta] leads Herm[ia] to bio read, seat ( MND 7, interleaf facing p. 4). In Liviu Ciulei's production, the essay role of education in society bonding takes another form. Since Hippolyta's strong personality had been developed at the play's opening, here she sneeringly laughs at bio read Theseus's ultimatum, a clear comment on your mom essay his actions and on bio read the irony of his earlier words to her, But I will wed thee in another key (I.i.18). More humorous in approach and less sharply disapproving is the direction in the Peter Brook prompt: All bow their heads (12a). Brook dramatizes the rift between Theseus and Hippolyta by culture, having them exit to opposite sides of the stage, pausing at doors to look at each other. These twentieth-century directors found their cues in the text and responded, not with excision but with a new awareness of the play's subtlety and of the possibilities that staging might permit.
If Hermia's tragic fate is briefly understood by Hippolyta, the bio read play quickly moves back to write, the world of comedy as the two lovers left alone on stage not only bio read bemoan their fate but also engage in a conversation in role of education, which neither is hearing what the other says. Comforting his love, Lysander cites historical parallels of bio read similarly fated lovers; Hermia, not listening, overflows with anger and frustration: Lys The course of true love never did run smooth; But either it was different in blood— He begins, but she interrupts: Alternating lines, they continue: Lys Or else misgraffed in respect of years— Her O spite! Too old to be engaged to young!
Lys Or else it stood upon the choice of essay friends— Her O hell! To choose love by bio read, another's eyes! The stichomythic pattern of the duet captures the intensity of the lovers' feelings, but also the on sexual harassment humor of their reactions as each finds solace from bio read, a different verbal outpouring. Nevertheless, the exchange disappeared from acting texts for over a hundred years. 12 Although the excision at first seems inexplicable, George Bernard Shaw's comments on an Augustin Daly production offer a partial answer. Unaware of how much Daly's version owed to essay on sexual, his predecessors, and bio read, indignant over his mauling of the text, Shaw attributes the separation excision to Daly's uncomfortableness with Hermia's Oh hell, then notes the impact of the bio read cuts.
Humorously he writes: Mr. Daly, shocked, as an American and an Irishman, at a young lady using such an harassment expression as Oh hell! cuts out the whole antiphony, and leaves Lysander to deliver a long lecture without interruption from the lady. ( Our Theatres, I, 180-81) This long lecture without interruption also further denies audiences the partial portrait, later to be developed, of Hermia. Unsurprisingly, the bio read lines disappeared from the Garrick-Colman and Reynolds operatic versions since these works concentrated on songs loosely connected with one another by speeches, rather than on short exchanges. Of Education! But the absence of Hermia's frustrated expression from the later stage versions is surprising.
13. Was her Oh hell too forthright for the sensibilities of bio read all those audiences, as Shaw implied in role in society, blaming Daly? A glance at the Variorum, strong in nineteenth-century criticism, suggests other, literary reasons, as well. Coleridge, for example writes: There is no authority for bio read, any alteration,—but I never can help feeling how great an improvement it would be, if the two former of essay Hermia's exclamations were omitted—the third and only appropriate one would then become a beauty, and most natural. (Coleridge , quoted in the Variorum, 18)
Rather than denigrating that last line with its Oh hell, Coleridge praises it. Obviously, Hermia's annoyed exclamations bothered him more than the simple comment on bio read the unfairness of choosing love by of education, another's eyes. Less generously, Halliwell, another critic of the bio read time, believed Lysander's speech would be improved by the omission of on sexual harassment all of Hermia's interpolations (18). Bio Read! Moreover, to support his opinion, he cited the editions of essay on sexual Dodd and Planche which actually deleted Hermia's lines. 14 Once again, as so often happens, literary criticism correlates with contemporaneous staging. Why did her short speeches offend so? Was Lysander's single uninterrupted speech more appropriate?
But then how could his speech help project Hermia's personality as it does in the original exchange? Stylistically, those clipped single lines suggest the exasperation and intensity of the young woman we are to meet later on in the forest. Moreover, the patter, or duet, of these two lovers complements the long heavy speeches of Egeus and Theseus, taking us back into the comic, romantic world of the play. As critics have often noted, conflict between father and daughter arises here as it does in so many other of Shakespeare's plays, and bio read, here too the strength of the daughter is resume services bloomington created by showing her resistence to bio read, her father's pressure; her lines in this duet are important. Shaw's review of dubai write Daly's production suggests a further effect of the alternating lines spoken by the two star-crossed lovers; he believes the alternating pattern sets the bio read whole scene throbbing with their absorption in one another (133).
It also explodes with their differing responses to the same situation. Although a strong, self-confident, if frustrated, young woman emerges through the language here, not all of her lines reinforce this portrait. In fact, her subsequent speech advises, Then let us teach our trial patience (152). Between her two speeches, she has listened to Lysander's litany of lovers who, throughout history, have faced problems. In the cut acting texts I have examined, the line advising patience always remains.
What a different Hermia we experience. The language has been modulated, the humor of the exchange lost, and the outspoken young woman tempered. Artistically, too, a change occurs. No verbal echoes will sound for culture compare, the audience when, a few lines later, Hermia and her best friend, Helena, indulge in a similar pattern of bio read alternating lines. Nor will the audience hear how their conversation mimics and yet differs from that of the lovers. The repetition of the pattern, comic in its shift of topic, also defines and essay, contrasts the young women.
Helena pines for bio read, Demetrius. Hermia would most willingly relinquish him. Unlike the earlier duet, this one concentrates on each young woman's attitude towards Demetrius. Rhyming couplets mark their exchange of your confidences, and again acting texts excise: Her. I frown upon him; yet he loves me still. Hel. O that your frowns would teach my smiles such skill! Her. I give him curses; yet he gives me love.
Hel. O that my prayers could such affection move! Her. The more I hate, the more he follows me. Hel. The more I love, the more he hateth me. Differing in their appeal to Demetrius, the women differ in their sense of self, Hermia confident with two adoring males, Helena disconsolate that the youth she loves has eyes only for her friend.
Physically they differ too: Hermia being small and dark, at one point called puppet (III.ii.286), dwarfish (295), and an Ethiop (257); Helena being tall and lanky—a painted may-pole (296). She is also probably fair. Throughout this scene, Hermia exhibits a sardonic sense of humor, not only in her exclamations after her father leaves with Theseus, but even in her exchanges with her less confident friend. And once again, some texts delete Hermia's attempt to console her friend: Before the time I did Lysander see, Seem'd Athens as a Paradise to me; O then, what graces in my love do dwell,
That he hath turn'd a heaven unto a hell! Although meant to bio read, emphasize the problems Hermia faces, the lines referring to Lysander's graces making Athens a hell also have a built-in irony. Surely a lover's graces should turn a hell into heaven rather than the opposite. Although differing from Theseus's comment to Hippolyta on mom essay altering their relationship from excombatants to lovers, Hermia's words here suggest a similarly thin and tenuous line between heaven and bio read, hell, springing from love. Of the exchange, Samuel Johnson wrote:
Perhaps every reader may not discover the propriety of these lines. Hermia is willing to mn, comfort Helena, and to avoid all appearance of triumph over her. She therefore bids her not to consider the bio read power of pleasing, as an dubai resume write advantage to be much envied or much desired, since Hermia, whom she considers as possessing it in bio read, the supreme degree, has found no other effect of it than the mom essay loss of happiness. (Johnson, The Plays, 1:98) The comment also appears in a footnote in the Phelps promptbook (MND 13, 314). Since this was an 1805 printed text used for an 1861 production, it suggests that the lines were not only challenging in bio read, the eighteenth century but continued to be relevant in the nineteenth. Resume Services Bloomington Mn! When they disappear, as often occurs, they erase a problem for interpreters, but also an insight into Hermia's capacity for bio read, humor and sympathy. To further comfort Helena, Hermia and writing services bloomington, Lysander reveal their secret plan to escape Athens. In soliloquy at the scene's close, Helena confesses her response. She will divulge the news of bio read their flight to Demetrius, hoping to win his favor.
Bemoaning her fate in rhymed couplets, she begins: How happy some o'er other some can be! Through Athens I am thought as fair as she, But what of that? Demetrius thinks not so; Love looks not with the eyes but with the mind; And therefore is wing'd Cupid painted blind. But Helena does not think herself as fair as Hermia. Thus this reference to Cupid suggests a rather confused young woman.
Continuing for describe your, twenty-six lines, the soliloquy ranges from analyses of love to a discussion of Hermia's strengths to bio read, a lament for the speaker's own plight: For ere Demetrius look'd on dubai Hermia's eyne, He hail'd down oaths that he was only bio read mine; She therefore resolves, I will go tell him of describe your fair Hermia's flight (246), expecting a kind response. Here too excisions mar the portrait. Sometimes the lines are absent from printed acting versions; sometimes sections are crossed out or blocked for bio read, cutting. 16 As a result only the thesis bare plot outline of this section remains, subtleties in characterization being lost. Later, in the forest, the dramatist further develops the bio read young women's personalities. There the popular Hermia, speaking with confidence, gently reprimands her lover, while the writing services bloomington rejected Helena subjects herself to further humiliation, frustratingly following the man she loves. Bio Read! Hermia's reprimand comes after long and fruitless traveling through the woods with Lysander. Thesis! Escaping Theseus's ultimatum, they seek refuge with the young man's aunt, beyond the bio read range of Athens' law.
Weary with wandering, Hermia would rest; Lysander then admits he has lost his way in the enchanted forest: We'll rest us, Hermia, if you think it good, And tarry for describe your, the comfort of the day. Appreciating the idea, she then counters: Be't so, Lysander.
Find you out a bed; For I upon this bank will rest my head. But he would have it otherwise. In fact, the lines indicate the action that has just occurred on stage as she chooses her sleeping site. A minidebate then ensues: Lys. Bio Read! One turf shall serve as pillow for us both, One heart, one bed, two bosoms, and and contrast essay, one troth. Her. Nay, good Lysander; for my sake, my dear,
Lie further off yet; do not lie so near. The adapters once again cut. Garrick's abbreviated musical version provides a record of the cuts in this speech, and, to bio read, some extent, sets the pattern for what subsequently occurred. The first eight lines of the exchange between the thesis couple are retained (lines 35-42), followed by a duet (25). Bio Read! Then come lines not Shakespeare's, but believed to be composed by Garrick, which appear in a handwritten insert ( MND 6). 17 In that version Hermia exhibits proper womanly fear: Now my Lysander, on that bank repose, That if perchance my woman's fears shou'd seek. Protection in resume write, thy love and brav'ry, I may not call on bio read love and thee in essay of education, vain.
( MND 6, insert 21; Garrick, 25) Lysander responds with the bio read promise of protective care. The Garrick lines also appear in the Reynolds printed text ( MND 8, 18). Later the pattern of excision continues although without the role of education in society new, added material. The musical Reynolds version ( MND 8, 18) contains no hint of her asking him to move.
In most staged versions, however, her request that he find another bed meets simple acquiescence. Bio Read! Usually gone are his lines One turf shall serve as pillow for us both / One heart, one bed, two bosoms, and one troth (41-42) along with his attempt to convince her of the reasonableness of his proposal. Gone too is describe Hermia's perceptive Lysander riddles very prettily. . . . Bio Read! / But, gentle friend, for your, love and courtesy, / Lie further off, in humane modesty (53, 56-57). 18 Amusing, her response in bio read, Shakespeare's play highlights her realistic awareness of the physical attraction between lovers. Their debate is reminiscent of and contrast essay Juliet's What satisfaction canst thou have to-night? ( Romeo and bio read, Juliet, II.ii.126) when Romeo protests, O, wilt thou leave me so unsatisfied (125). In both cases, the describe your dramatist suggests that confidence in the loyalty of her lover does not blur each young woman's recognition of the reality of the bio read sexual drive. Unlike Hermia, her friend Helena nurtures no such fear. Groveling for some affection, she trails Demetrius. I love thee not; therefore pursue me not (188), he dictates.
But Helena, like Emilia in Othello so many plays later, has divulged the secret of Hermia and Lysander's flight in order to win a boon: I am your spaniel; and, Demetrius, The more you beat me, I will fawn on you. Use me but as your spaniel; spurn me, strike me, Neglect me, lose me; only give me leave, Unworthy as I am, to follow you.
Nor do Demetrius's threats to thesis, her virginity (217-19) bother her. Rather they allow her to assert her confidence in his character. But those lines along with Helena's reply beginning Your virtue is my privilege (220-26) and then her Run when you will . Bio Read! . . (230-34) disappear from the compare essay stage in many promptbooks. Bio Read! 19. By cutting Helena's lines here and elsewhere, those versions tended to obscure the perceptiveness of dubai Shakespeare's sketch of a young woman who is filled with self-doubt and self-hatred. 20 In fact, Shakespeare's insight here, although theatrically developed and placed in a comedic setting, has a contemporary counterpart in Kate Millett's more serious analysis of the lack of self-love that flourishes in women and minorities. She describes this as. group self-hatred and self-rejection, a contempt both for herself and for her fellows—the result of that continual, however subtle, reiteration of her inferiority which she eventually accepts as a fact. Bio Read! (56) Helena appears to have internalized this attitude.
In an excellent essay on resume writing services bloomington the play, David Marshall asks a relevant question concerning Helena. Bio Read! Are we to essay role, be pleased by the success of bio read Helena's subjection of herself? (548), he wonders, challenging the idea that this is compare essay one of Shakespeare's happiest comedies. 21 Actually, by the time we reach this section of the play we become aware of the various ways in which the women have been dominated by men—bridegroom, father, ruler, and rejecting suitor. However, we have not yet met the strongest and seemingly freest woman character in A Midsummer Night's Dream: Titania, the fairy queen, who so delights us at her first entrance and bio read, later raises questions about women's roles. Dubai Write! Is she the victim of male power, male irrationality, trickery, or jealousy? Is she merely a fairy? Or does she illuminate the bio read feelings and attitudes of women reacting to dominating male behavior?
At its opening, act 2 stresses the conflict between her and Oberon, the fairy king. Quickly we learn the source of essay of education their dissension: control over bio read, an Indian boy at separation thesis the time in her possession but desperately desired by Oberon. Representatives of king and queen, Puck and a fairy quickly sketch in the conflict, each hoping the other party will relinquish the field. But room, fairy! here comes Oberon (II.i.58), announces Puck. And here my mistress.
Would that he were gone! (59) retorts the fairy. And then, king and queen enter. Do they make a grand entry from either side of the stage, magically from the air, with a train of followers, or simply alone? The scene has allowed for a tremendous range of interpretations, some concentrating on the two principals, some surrounding them with troops of followers, many including the Indian Prince. Nonexistent in the play and seeming to symbolize Oberon's drive for dominance over Titania—or perhaps his jealousy of her—the prince materializes into an actual character. Not listed in the dramatis personae, he takes on a life of his own in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century productions, including the Reinhardt film. Although mystery surrounds him in the text—we don't know his age, his size, or his exact identity, except as he is bio read described variously by essay in society, Puck, Titania, and Oberon—he acquires theatrical substance on stage, frequently wearing a turban or carried in on bio read a golden cushion.
22. Suggesting the mom essay importance of this character to the relationship between the bio read fairy king and queen are the stage directions written in essay role of education in society, pencil on the interleave to Kean's prompt: Fairies enter dancing round Titania. 2 Bodies of Oberon's Train, — enter separately, . . . then 2 parties of Titania 's — chorus first, who make an avenue of boughs, then a second troop of smaller fairies trip down through them, — on tiptoes — and run back thro avenue, — down L[eft] then round avenue and follow Titania with Indian Boy tripping down through avenue, — Oberon entering same time down slote, R[ight] (MND 9, interleaf facing p. 21). In another production, a dance of twelve fairies precedes Titania's entry in a car drawn by bio read, swans and accompanied by the Indian Prince. Paralleling their entry, Oberon descends to essay on sexual harassment, meet them ( MND 20, verso of interleaf facing p. 12). A sketch indicates the placement of fairies, with Titania, Oberon, and the Prince at center front. The presence of an actual prince also allows the director editorial commentary as he emphasizes the different functions of men and women, father and mother. Thus Titania is usually portrayed in a maternal relationship with that young child whereas Oberon is presented as giving the youth space and training for manhood. Consider, for example, the Reinhardt film where the young prince is practically smothered by attention from bio read, Titania's fairies and elves whereas later he is free to accompany Oberon.
Even in criticism, this reference to the prince colors the perspective. Resume Writing Services! C.L. Barber, for example, writing of Titania's later development, considers her giving up of the child as a maturing process. But one may question whether or not it is the child, as an actual person, or the symbolic importance of the bio read debate between Titania and role of education, Oberon and bio read, its later outcome that is really at issue in the play especially since the role of education prince's exclusion from the text helps stress the equality between king and bio read, queen. Before turning to their actual verbal sparring, I want to cite other theatrical factors that further vitiated the strength of the debate, attracting eyes to resume mn, the stage and ears to the music rather than attention to the words. I refer to the persistence of lavish musical accompaniments to productions. In fact, whether it was coincidence or not, the mid-nineteenth-century productions—beginning with that of Elizabeth Vestris and Charles Mathews in 1840, which included Mendelssohn's music—were highly successful and bio read, included more of the essay on sexual text than had previously appeared on bio read stage. Discussing that production, one commentator suggested, It would be an unpardonable mistake to separation thesis, any future performances .. . to omit . . . Mendelssohn's music ( MND. *NCP 18—, p. 6). 23 In Reinhardt's film, fairies, accompanied by the orchestral sounds of Mendelssohn's music, dance in on a cloud that spirals around a tree. Later productions, like that of the bio read famous Old Vic Company in 1954 that featured Robert Helpmann and Moira Shearer, both professional dancers, as Oberon and Titania, also testify to the pervasiveness of a musical tradition and the emphasis on on sexual dance for the two principal fairies. . . . Finally, along with the music and the young prince, one stage property worked its magic on the audience: the mushroom from bio read, which Puck eventually emerged.
The young Ellen Terry as Puck, for example, lay hidden in dubai resume, such a mushroom in Kean's production, springing into view as the mushroom rose. Following Kean's lead, Daly's Puck, hidden by bio read, a mushroom, was discovered when a fairy's wand brushed a plant (1888, MND 5, p. Essay Role Of Education In Society! 32). Featuring complex machinery, Burton's production too had Puck spring from a mushroom that rose from a trap then sank back down ( MND 21, p. 15 and facing interleaf). 24 The rival Barry production featured a different but equally enticing, entry for Puck: A romantic Landscape, through which is bio read seen a stream of water. (By moonlight.) A bush in the c[enter]. MUSIC — A troop of Fairies are discovered grouped. A Fairy touches the bush with her wand, it opens and your, Puck comes out; the bush disappears through the bio read stage. Supplementing this text, the directions on separation thesis the interleaf specifically place Puck inside the flower piece which then changes to a peacock. Accompanied by music, the first fairy trips on from [the side entrance] . . . round the flower waving the wand. The flower opens and discovers Puck in a Peacock Car (with wand).
More music sounds as Puck descends from the car. Eventually, a trap bell rings, the flower closes then descends into a trap (interleaf facing p. Bio Read! 11). I cite these extensive productions because they characterize what occurred on stage once the describe mom essay fuller text was presented. Whether this was because of the accompaniment of bio read Mendelssohn's music or because the writing services bloomington combination of the text with that music appealed so strongly to bio read, Victorians we do not know. Clearly, however, language and essay on sexual, the verbal conflicts between men and women characters, whether fairy or not, were overshadowed by productions. Bio Read! Nor do the many references to culture compare, a full text, as in the case of Phelps's production, which boasted of having omitted only three hundred lines, alter the general impression of the acted play. If these varied staged versions seemed to promise new perspectives, they failed to deliver; they still concentrated on the magic and bio read, wistfulness of the dream. Describe Your! Moreover, extant promptbooks testify to a disproportionate number of excisions of lines that blur Shakespeare's portrayal of the inequities that women faced whether in the real or unreal fairy world. For it is in the unreal world of the fairies that the dramatist most clearly questions the patriarchal structure.
Despite the extravagance of their entrances in different productions, Oberon's and Titania's opening lines sound more like those of humans than of fairies or otherworldly beings: Ill met by moonlight, proud Titania (60), asserts proud Oberon. We then encounter the queen of the fairies whom Shakespeare has endowed with dramatic and bio read, evocative poetry. Unlike the other women thus far presented, Titania has a sure sense of self-worth and describe your mom essay, an independence of spirit. Hippolyta was presented as defeated but enigmatic, Hermia as a challenge to the rules of her society, and Helena as a self-doubting person, questioning her own worth. But in Titania Shakespeare offers a portrait of bio read a queen, someone reliant on no one but herself for her power. Her answer to culture compare essay, Oberon in bio read, her opening lines rings with contemporaneity: What, jealous Oberon? Fairies, skip hence— I have forsworn his bed and culture compare and contrast, company. Why need a fairy assert she has forsworn another fairy's bed? Since when do fairies discuss such mundane matters?
Moreover, Oberon carries the discussion one step further by clarifying their relationship with one another: Am not I thy lord? (63) he asks. Then I must be thy lady (64) she asserts before accusing him of infidelity with various women. In his recent book Road to Divorce: England 1530-1987, Lawrence Stone notes that until recently—but particularly in the early period covered by bio read, this book—all women of childbearing age were in in society, a state of constant anxiety about bio read their bodies. They worried about whether they were pregnant (8) and about such things as the possibility of dying in childbirth, of coming to term, and separation, of having a well child. Titania, being a fairy, has no such worry although her conflict with Oberon has to do with the child of bio read a mortal who died in childbirth. Describe Your! His mother was a vot'ress of my order (123), explains Titania. Bio Read! For her sake do I rear up the boy; / And for her sake I will not part with him (136-37). Moreover, in recent studies of women's writings of the period, we become aware not only of women's quest for divorce and write, of the bio read problems they faced in confronting their husbands but also of the real fears attending childbirth (Otten).
Titania's opening lines to Oberon may well have had specific resonances for Shakespeare's audience. The phrase separation from bed and board was applied at the time to a legitimate form of divorce, whether as'de facto' grants of permission to remarry or merely following church ordinance that allowed a form of divorce but forbade remarriages (Stone, L., 304). Although Titania, of course, had no particular plans to remarry, her language mimics that of the time, with, however, a twist—an assertion of her rights vis-a-vis an adulterous husband. Nor does Oberon's listing of her less-than-faithful exploits affect her decision to foreswear his bed and company. Culture Compare And Contrast! According to Stone, the pattern changed in the 1640s and 50s, which may explain an altered reaction to this section of text. He writes: The 1640s and 1650s were a period of disorganization and institutional chaos in the church. The ecclesiastical courts ceased to bio read, function in the early 1640s and in 1646 church control over dubai resume, marriage was abolished, authority being shifted in theory to secular authorities. But the bulk of the population seems either to have found ways to be married clandestinely by the old rituals of the Church of England, or were married by bio read, non-conformist clergy of their own religious persuasion, or reverted to essay harassment, marriages by verbal contract. As a result of this confusion, when the ecclesiastical courts were restored in bio read, 1660 they found themselves faced with an separation unprecedented torrent of petitions for separation which had been pent up for bio read, over a decade. (308) Interestingly, what Shakespeare is doing here is using the vocabulary of divorce without presenting the actual situation.
Moreover, unlike the separation usual separation between husband and bio read, wife of the time, this separation is instituted by the wife. Essay Role Of Education! The dramatist then interweaves the experience of mortals, specifically women, with that of the fairy queen. During the nineteenth century, the line referring to bed and bio read, company was often deleted. It disappeared from the Charles Kean printed text ( MND 9) and was crossed through in role of education, the Beerbohm Tree prompt ( MND 7). On the other hand, Garrick and Colman retained this line ( MND 19) although slashing so much material on either side to bio read, make room for musical airs that the line's implications probably had little effect on write the audience.
In that text, the accusations by fairy king and queen refer merely to their specific favorites within the context of this play—Titania's preference for Theseus and Oberon's for the bouncing Amazon (70). However, Titania's full speeches, although couched in fairy terms, offer insights into the imperfect relationship between men and women. Describing the bio read conflict between her and Oberon, she begins by resume services, mentioning jealousy: These are the forgeries of jealousy; And never, since the middle summer's spring,
Met we on hill, in dale, forest, or mead, By paved fountain or by rushy brook. Or in the beached margent of the sea, To dance our ringlets to the whistling wind, But with thy brawls thou hast disturb'd our sport. The speech continues for thirty-six lines, but has usually been reduced to six, or even four. The remnant simply accuses Oberon of bio read disturbing the gatherings of the fairies with his brawls whenever the two have met (87). Essay! As critics have frequently noted, the speech gives us a sense of Titania's breadth and sensitivity, connecting her with an Eden or a classical world of the gods, or even with nature deities of rustic sixteenth-century England. She refers to the effect of the bio read dissension between her and Oberon on the elements, The ox hath . . . stretched his yoke in vain, / The plowman lost his sweat . . . / The fold stands empty in the drowned field / And crows are fatted with the murrion flock (93-97). Internal rhyme, the repetition of sounds, and the development of images characterize the pattern.
Her concern for the maintenance of the rhythms in the animal world extends to the human world as well. She decries the effect of their arguments on the normal flow of the seasons and on human life. The human mortals want their winter here; No night is now with hymn or carol blest. . Dubai! . Bio Read! The spring, the summer. The childing autumn, angry winter, change.
Their wonted liveries; and the mazed world. By their increase, now knows not which is which. Images of nature's gifts and blights vie with one another, investing her speech with cosmic concerns beyond merely trading accusations with Oberon. When, later, she explains why she will not relinquish the child, she describes his mother, with whom she laughed and gossip'd. Culture And Contrast! 25 Titania's lines—we have laugh'd to see the sails conceive / And grow big-bellied with the wanton wind (128-29)—suggestively describe the pregnant woman herself. They too disappear, the verbal inferences coming too close to nature, pregnancy, and women's physical appearance. 26 Whittling down the lines narrows this portrait of bio read Titania; she then more closely parallels Oberon who in this section has only brief comments. 27 Her short complaint about his disturbing their games is countered by his insistent query Why should Titania cross her Oberon? / I do but beg a little changeling boy, / To be my henchman (119-21). Reinhardt's film cuts even further. None of culture compare essay Titania's lines remain except her response to Oberon's request for the changeling boy: Set your heart at bio read rest; / The fairy land buys not the child of me (121-22).
The scene's focus changes to the Indian boy. Even when they retain practically all of the text, however, productions may alter the power of Titania's lines by stage directions, as did Peter Brook's in the wonderfully unisex-looking work. The performance had an writing exuberance and originality that captivated audiences. Bio Read! It also captured some of the attitudes of the 1960s and 1970s, as a glance at the Authorized Acting Edition testifies, raising questions about the Oberon-Titania relationship that one might even have missed in watching the play. Describe Your Mom Essay! Here, for example, is a detailed description of what went on during this scene of bio read their first meeting which begins with Titania's crossing down stage center and kneeling (23a) before Oberon when she refers to their brawls. Later during the speech, Oberon goes down behind Titania (23a) and, as the directions continue, she gets up, hands out. Oberon puts hands around her waist with wand (24a). Essay! In talking about the bio read hoary headed frosts she puts her hands over write, Oberon's. And at the lines and the mazed world / by their increase now know not which is bio read which (24b) the stage direction reads, Oberon's hands on Titania's breasts, with wand. Titania's arms out (24a). Your! As the bio read scene continues, one sees more of physical sexual interaction between them until finally at her decision not to give him the boy, she pushes Oberon away.
The interpretation seems unrelated to the language but rather offers a subtext contradicting her assertive speeches. The comments accompanying the describe your mom essay promptbook offer a partial explanation of this treatment of Titania. Brook had chosen to double the roles of bio read Titania/Hippolyta and and contrast, Oberon/Theseus. Bio Read! Alan Howard, who played Oberon/Theseus, discusses the point of resume view towards the relationship between his roles and the joint Titania/Hippolyta role: At the beginning of the play, Theseus/Oberon is worried about the moon being gone and that his desires are, in consequence, bottled up. And Hippolyta/Titania says: Don't worry.
Another moon will come in. Bio Read! Wait, and it will all be fine again. Her kind of intensity is toward her knowledge of herself as a woman . . . in terms of whatever it is your that women do that men don't . Theseus/Oberon has somehow got to explain his case. (41, emphasis added) Howard's comment indicates a perception of Titania as inexplicable other although her language clearly expresses her dismay at the destructiveness of their conflict. Oberon simply isn't listening. What is exciting about the play, however, is the way Shakespeare seems to be applying what he has been hearing, or observing, in the real world to bio read, this fantasy couple, embedding a contemporaneity within an otherworldly framework. Resume Bloomington Mn! 28. After her departure, Oberon vows, Thou shalt not from this grove / Till I torment thee for this injury (146-47), indicating a vindictiveness as well as a desire to exert power over her. And here, perhaps because of the implication of equality suggested first by the conversation between the bio read fairy and Puck and later by the confrontation between Oberon and Titania, we are unprepared for the trick he plays on her.
Shakespeare's audience, however, may well have expected it, since Titania was behaving like the rebellious, dominant, independent wife who, according to Stone, might be breaking the code of the social group concerning sexual or power relations within the family (3). Essay Of Education! Thus a husband-beating wife, a passively henpecked husband, a couple married despite gross disparities in age, a cuckold, an adulterous wife . . . were all liable to be treated to . . . Bio Read! humiliating demonstrations of public disapproval (3). Titania suffers just such a humiliating demonstration later on when she falls in love with the first thing that she sees upon awakening, a mortal with an ass's head—the translated Bottom. By endowing the essay situation with such human qualities and giving Titania wonderful lines, however, the dramatist may also be questioning the justice of Oberon's action especially where he seems to be motivated by revenge. Bio Read! When he directs Puck to fetch the magic herb called love-in-idleness (II.i.168), the fairy king explains: The juice of it on separation sleeping eyelids laid. Will make or man or woman madly dote. Upon the next live creature that it sees. He will squeeze the juice into her eyes and eventually defeat the play's most independent woman.
In the complex interweaving of plots, he will also, almost casually, exercise his power benevolently. Although some critics have perceived Oberon as an even-handed ruler who insists on establishing a certain kind of obedience to his rule, his actions here seem arbitrary and tinged with jealousy. When later on he acts more generously towards Helena, attempting to bio read, change her fate from that of cast-off woman to resume services bloomington, desired one, Oberon's actions seem to come almost as an bio read afterthought to his more driven desire for revenge on Titania. Having sent Puck on culture his way, Oberon, alone in the forest, sees Demetrius and Helena approaching. 1 am invisible, he announces to his audience, as Hamlet's and bio read, Banquo's ghosts do not; rather on-stage characters provide the clues to the emptiness of the space even while the resume write invisible character appears on stage.
Alan Dessen discusses the implications of bio read this not seeing or blindness of resume writing services characters on bio read stage as often metaphoric for the blindness or inability of the characters on essay on sexual stage to bio read, see and understand (130-55). Here, however, Shakespeare denies us this metaphor by having Oberon proclaim his invisibility. The dramatist, skilled in embedding stage directions in his text, chooses, instead, to write, characterize Oberon through this more direct statement, possibly with the aim of literalizing him, just as the mechanicals, later on, so carefully literalize their actions. Observing Helena trailing Demetrius, the fairy king reacts with sympathy to her plight; he would have Demetrius sue for her love. The magic herb holds the bio read key.
What are we to make of describe Oberon's reaction here? If Titania is aggressive in rejecting him, Helena is aggressive in pursuing Demetrius. Ironically, Oberon, who would have the fairy queen exhibit the bio read kind of self-abasement practiced by Helena, expresses great sympathy for the mortal woman and later sends Puck to writing mn, find the bio read Athenians while the fairy king himself will anoint Titania's eyes. And Contrast! In one of the four calls for bio read, music in mn, A Midsummer Night's Dream, a play usually drenched in music on stage, she has just been lulled to sleep by her fairy troop. Come, now a roundel and a fairy song. . . . sing me now asleep (II.ii.1,7), Titania directs, becoming vulnerable to bio read, Oberon's scheme. Meanwhile, Puck, having sought Athenians in role in society, the forest and found only the sleeping Hermia and Lysander, squeezes the magic juice into the eyes of the wrong man. Now Helena, the rejected Helena, is forced to face a new role—that of the chosen one, the pursued one, when Lysander, upon being awakened, expresses his undying love for her. This is difficult for a woman whose self-image has already been shaped. Bio Read! Speaking in soliloquy moments before his sudden and compare essay, inexplicable pursuit, she weighs her virtues and strengths and finds them nonexistent. She compares herself first with Hermia then indulges in close self-analysis:
How came her eyes so bright? Not with salt tears; If so, my eyes are oft'ner wash'd than hers. No, no; I am as ugly as a bear; For beasts that meet me run away for fear.
Therefore no marvel though Demetrius. Do, as a monster, fly my presence thus. Helena doesn't like what she sees. Although the speech continues developing her profile, it too, like so many earlier speeches by the women, frequently loses its subtlety and color through excision. 29 Only two lines remain; they function as a bridge between her self-hatred and her discovery of Lysander. The full speech, however, explains her astonishment at bio read his actions, and her inability to find any excuse for them. Lacking any sense of self-worth, she is bewildered. The play, however, provides a rationale. Essay On Sexual! According to Lysander, one needs maturity to appreciate Helena's worth. Reason must be the guide:
The will of man is by his reason sway'd; And reason says you are the worthier maid. He then expands on this, explaining, Things growing are not ripe until their season, / so I, being young, till now ripe not to reason (117-18). Bio Read! The scene also permits the of education dramatist to differentiate further between the two young women because even in these mere sketches, he assigns specific qualities to each. But once again major chunks of text are cut for bio read, the stage, eliminating all but the most obvious differences—the women's varying appeals to men. 30. Illustrating the effectiveness of the magic juice, the brief scene between Helena and Lysander in its complete form anticipates the on sexual sharp reaction Titania will experience. Because so much criticism has interpreted the bio read fairy queen's later actions when under the juice's spell as truly representative of her underlying feelings, one could test the validity of separation thesis such a theory by bio read, applying it to Lysander, the first to be transformed. Does he really mean it when, responding to Helena's reminder of his love for Hermia, he refers to his former love scornfully as the surfeit of the sweetest things (137) and undesirable? Since he later returns to her, one must believe that this is merely his manner of coping, under the spell's influence.
Although some critics consider Oberon's potion a symbol of love, as it applies to Titania it appears to be more a symbol of power, or at resume writing bloomington least of revenge for her failure to release the child. In direct response to her unwillingness to acquiesce to his demand, Oberon induces the spell: The next thing then she waking looks upon. (Be it on lion, bear, or wolf, or bull, On meddling monkey, or on busy ape), She shall pursue it with the soul of love.
No handsome youth or prince charming but rather a list of animals is bio read intended as her fate. In fact some promptbooks—for the and contrast essay 1856 [MND 9] and Tree 1900 [MND 7] productions—excise these references to bio read, animals. In Garrick's production, she is never seen enamor'd of an compare ass (IV.i.77). Instead, the bio read audience must rely on your Puck's report: My mistress with a patched fool is in bio read, love. Near to her close and consecrated bower. This clown with others had rehearsed a play. Intended for great Theseus' nuptial day. When, starting from her bank of essay of education mossy down, Titania waked, and straightway loved the clown.
(III.i.2-7; Garrick in Pedicord, III:176) References to bio read, the ass have disappeared; the substitute terms patched fool and clown soften Titania's fate. Through the complex interweaving of plot strands in which fairies, tradesmen, and high-born characters from the world of Athens intermingle, Shakespeare can raise questions about women's roles. The dramatist draws on the third group, the mechanicals, for the ass who will humiliate, humble, and subdue the describe mom essay fairy queen. Entering the enchanted forest to bio read, rehearse their play, Pyramus and Thisbe, these comic characters, hoping to perform before the Duke on his wedding day, inadvertently participate in Oberon's trickery. Reacting variously to the idea of performing—some with trepidation about learning the words, others protesting assignment of their roles—one in the group plunges into on sexual harassment, the adventure. He would play every role.
Quickly we become acquainted with Nick Bottom, the bio read weaver, who would shout like a bear and role of education, weep like a woman. He will, eventually, bray like an ass, a role not in their skit, but one he will take on bio read in his unexpected adventure with the fairy queen. Doomed to awaken when some vile thing is near whom she will take for her love, Titania hears the and contrast essay braying Bottom—anointed with an ass's head by Puck—and marvels at his musicality. She finds his music beautiful and his person appealing. But then she has been blinded by bio read, Oberon's magic spell.
In the Ciulei production, she reacts to that juice by mom essay, screaming as if hit by lightning. Few productions, however, dramatize the evil inherent in this type of magic. Rather, they concentrate on Bottom and, salaciously, the bio read humor of Titania's plight. More than anywhere else, it is in the effect of essay Oberon's trick on Titania, however, that one feels the tragedy for the women and the insights the dramatist gives us into bio read, the ways in which patriarchy manipulates women's options. Compare! This is bio read particularly true when Titania continues to perceive herself as in and contrast, control and powerful. During her first meeting with Bottom, the enchanted Titania praises his wisdom as well as beauty and musical skill, declaring that she loves him. Bio Read! When he wants only to leave the wood, she warns: Out of this wood do not desire to go; Thou shalt remain here, whether thou wilt or no. I am a spirit of no common rate; The summer still doth tend upon my state.
The lines underscore the ironic contrast between her perception of describe your mom essay herself and bio read, her actual situation. Like Lysander, she is trying to cope. Some versions eliminate her reference to power: whether thou wilt or no. In many texts, her whole last speech, beginning Come wait upon him; lead him to my bower, is your excised. Bio Read! Thus audiences do not know that she entertains him in her bower, or that the moon, when she weeps, weeps every little flower, / Lamenting some enforced chastity (199-200). As a result, the full implication of Oberon's trick on Titania is lost to the audience.
31. Sometimes a critic will overlook Oberon's role, concentrating instead on the effect of the mom essay magic potion on Titania. Jan Kott, for example, not only stresses the eroticism and harshness embedded in the text but also translates this eroticism in terms of the fairy queen. To him, her invitation to Bottom exemplifies woman's passion and hidden desire, rather than illustrating the male (Oberon's) exercise of power. Analyzing the staging of those scenes between Titania and Bottom, Kott also decries the tendency to play them for laughs rather than present them as black humor, an English kind of humour, 'humeur noir', cruel and scatological, as it often is in Swift (228).
Most revealing, however, is Kott's final comment about the scene, as he describes Titania: The slender, tender and lyrical Titania longs for bio read, animal love. Separation! Puck and Oberon call the transformed Bottom a monster. The frail and sweet Titania drags the bio read monster to bed, almost by force. Separation! (228) This is the effect of the bio read magic juice.
Kott continues his male fantasy—the fantasy of women never wanting to admit to themselves that they really like being raped. Essay Role In Society! In fact, Kott inverts this: This is the lover she wanted and dreamed off (sic); only she never wanted to admit it, even to herself. Sleep frees her from bio read, inhibitions. The monstrous ass is being raped by the poetic Titania, while she still keeps on chattering about flowers. .. . Of all the characters in the play Titania enters to the fullest extent the dark sphere of sex where there is no more beauty and on sexual harassment, ugliness; there is only infatuation and liberation. Bio Read! (228)
Obviously to Kott, beauty and ugliness vanish before infatuation and dubai write, liberation. Fuseli's eighteenth-century illustration captures much of the implied eroticism in this scene although it differs in point of view from Kott's. .. . In the painting, dominated by the two major characters, a large nude male figure, topped by a donkey head with large ears and sitting crossed legged with his arms clasping his knees, is being caressed by Titania, her nude breast amply visible beneath the outstretched arm around his head. Surrounding the bio read two are small insect-headed nude males, their penises visible, and mom essay, small fairies looking like flirtatious women, their breasts seductively apparent although wearing female garb. While Fuseli indicates the bio read eroticism in essay role, the scene, bringing in the whole forest and suggesting, too, the male appetite, Kott concentrates only on Titania, perceiving her as a voracious female. Neither acknowledges the idea of her being tricked. C. Bio Read! L. Barber provides a totally different perspective. To him, the Titania scenes with Bottom reveal a growing up, as I mentioned earlier: It is when the flower magic leads Titania to writing services bloomington mn, find a new object that she gives up the child (who goes now from her bower to the man's world of Oberon). So here is another sort of change of heart that contributes to the expression of what is consummated in marriage, this one a part of the rhythm of adult life, as opposed to the change in the young lovers that goes with growing up. ( FC 137) Again the bio read question arises of whether Titania experiences a change of heart or is essay in society victimized by Oberon and therefore no natural growth occurs, merely a change depriving her of her former sense of bio read self. Nor does her subsequent awakening offer confidence about adult life for women.
Deluded, she courts the ass-headed Bottom, taking him to her bower. Meanwhile Oberon plans his next move: I'll to my queen and beg her Indian boy; And then I will her charmed eye release. From monster's view, and all things shall be peace. But shall they be at peace? Or worse, shall Titania's spirit have been broken? In The Taming of the Shrew, Kate says, My tongue will tell the dubai write anger of my heart / Or else my heart concealing it will break (IV.iii.77-78). Shakespeare recognizes the effect on the human heart of bottling up resentment. 32 Although Titania is not human, her eloquent expression of anger early in the play leads us to expect a strong reaction when her sight is restored.
But no such response occurs. Bio Read! Instead, she cares neither about the Indian boy, nor the trick that has been played on role in society her, but only about the humiliation of having been in bio read, love with an ass. Are we to your mom essay, think of her as resembling the nonhuman witches in Macbeth whose deeds do not upset them? Or, since so much of her speech sounds human, must we think of her as resigned to a power structure she cannot alter? After Oberon removes the spell, Titania, with great equanimity, asks: My Oberon, what visions have I seen! / Methought I was enamor'd of an ass (IV.i.76-77). Bio Read! Nor does Oberon try to soften the answer. There lies your love (78), he asserts, pointing to the transformed Bottom. Describe! In a Daly edition (1888) [ MND 5] believed to have been used for the production . . . tour of 1895-96, Oberon's There lies your love (77) is bio read accompanied by the stage direction sneering Puck titters (61), reinforcing a sense of Oberon's power, his delight in having played this trick on her, but more importantly, of dubai resume write a director's point of view.
Undoubtedly he reflected the bio read attitudes of his time. Unfortunately, as we keep discovering, this delight in thesis, seeing a strong woman bested is not confined to a bygone age. Attempting briefly to understand, Titania asks, How came these things to pass? / O, how mine eyes do loathe his visage now! (78-79). But Oberon offers no direct answer. Instead, he orders Puck to take off this head [the ass's head] (80). Then, continuing to exert his power over Titania, the fairy king directs: Titania, music call, and strike more dead. Than common sleep of all these five the sense. She complies: Music, ho, music, such as charmeth sleep! (86). Finally, as they fly off together, she once more returns to the subject of Bottom:
Come, my lord, and in our flight, Tell me how it came this night. That I sleeping here was found, With these mortals on the ground. But we never know if she receives an answer. Although little has been written about bio read Titania's character disintegration from a fiery, concerned fairy to a compliant partner, her change and culture compare and contrast, lack of bio read any clearly defined personality in the last scenes illustrate, on the one hand, the destructiveness of Oberon's action and, on the other, an inconsistency in characterization.
Too easily the richness of her personality as well as her intensity vanish. Writing of the role of education linguistic and dramatic complexities and contradictions in the play, Jay Halio observes that. [they] keep us from simplistic reductions of experienced situations, specifically the play's mirrored experiences of reality . . Bio Read! . and and contrast essay, force us out bio read, of. an artificial prison that R. P. Blackmur has . described as a tendency to set artistic unity as a chief criterion of excellence. (145) Borrowing from Halio but concentrating on how language defines and sometimes creates ambiguities concerning characters, particularly the female characters, I find in Titania either an in society inconsistency or a tragic transformation. Since this is a comedy one must consider the former as more likely. Examining an early nineteenth-century musical version of the play that attempts to inject sentimental logic to the Oberon-Titania relationship, reconciling the behavior of Oberon through some staging and language, one realizes that Shakespeare probably intentionally allowed the ambiguity in characterization to stand. Reynolds's 1816 version provides an easy alternative. Oberon speaks: I'll to my Queen, and beg her Indian boy!
Not, not so much from bio read, love of him, as her, I court this contest,—I'd put her to the trial— If she refuse, I know her love is on the wane;— But, if she yield! Ah! that she may! and still— (Prompt MND 18, 8 p. 40)
Music then is played. Thesis! (Clouds descend and open.—A Fairy is discovered, who chaunts the following lines) Fairy. Oberon! no more despair! Titania wafts him to your care! Borne by bio read, each propitious gale, From India's shores her gallies sail. Nor storms, nor quicksands can they meet, For Zephyrs fan the describe Fairy fleet! And silv'ry seas the treasure bear,— The Boy!—The Indian Boy is near! (Clouds begin to ascend again.)
This finale of act 2 in the Reynolds play confirms the portrait of an bio read Oberon driven by love rather than jealousy and of a Titania who, on her own initiative, relinquishes the boy. 34 Shakespeare, however, fails to provide any easy logical development to the Titania-Oberon relationship in the closing scenes. In fact, the difference between this version and Shakespeare's play reminds one of the your mom essay difference between Gibber's Richard III and Shakespeare's, between simple blacks and whites as compared with an extraordinary range of greys, between directness and ambiguity. In A Midsummer Night 's Dream, the dramatist raises questions concerning women and the power structure imposed on them, even when he supplies no easy answers. Having showed us Titania in her strength, he seems to turn to bio read, other concerns, returning her to resume services mn, her fairy role. The young Athenian women provide another example of the power of patriarchy over women's lives. Bio Read! Never confused in their affections for the two young men, Hermia and Helena gain insights into themselves and into the unpredictability of male behavior as a result of their experiences in the forest. Dubai Write! Differing from the two young men, the women never have their eyes anointed with Oberon's magic juice; nevertheless, their relationships with the bio read two youths as well as with one another change.
Hermia must face rejection by both young men because Puck, partially correcting his error, finally anoints the right lover's eyes. Suddenly both Demetrius and Lysander are amorously pursuing Helena. Desired by dubai resume write, both youths, she believes neither. Nor does her earlier passion for Demetrius convince her of bio read his sincerity at this moment. She accuses them of mocking her. Essay Of Education! Disbelief, anger, and bio read, hurt mark her words: Can you not hate me, as I know you do, / But you must join in souls to mock me too? (III.ii.149-50). Changing places and relationships, the women find their friendship turned into rivalry and their dispute quickly reduced to name calling, hair pulling, and physical conflict. Intermittently they recollect a happy, earlier time together before this blinding in the woods. Essay In Society! Much cutting of lines, however, reduces this section to bio read, the outline of the compare contest between the men, diminishing any sharp character definition of the women. Large sections of Hermia's reprimand to Demetrius disappear.
Gone too is Helena's sensitive description of bio read their childhood friendship when they sewed together sitting on one cushion, / .. . As if our hands, our sides, voices and minds / Had been incorporate. So we grew together, / Like to a double cherry, seeming parted (205-9). Much later Shakespeare would develop this recollection of an early innocent friendship ruined by sexual jealousy, transmuting it into a description of the friendship between two men, Leontes and Polixenes in The Winter's Tale. Seldom heard on the stage, Helena's lines again individualize her, as she accuses her friend of conspiring with the resume writing men. Characteristically, Hermia counters with anger and frustration. Because both suitors are fiercely pursuing Helena, Puck must lead them Up and down, up and down, (396) to keep them apart, and because the role has its own magic, the bio read scenes in the forest with the blinded lovers allow for farce, action, and humor.
The two men pursue one another in the wood while Puck blankets it with fog and describe your, mimics each man's voice to mislead and confuse his opponent. Finally exhausted, each of the four young people falls asleep, allowing Puck to bio read, clear Lysander's vision. The dramatist then switches focus from the culture and contrast essay youths to their elders. Hippolyta, last seen at the play's opening when her silence left questions of bio read interpretation open, now enters with Theseus. Discord seems to have vanished. Bloomington! But here, unlike the Titania-Oberon exit when the fairy queen seemed so muted and transformed, the Amazon queen exhibits sparks of individuality as she jokingly debates the relative merits of Theseus's hounds. Stumbling on the sleeping young lovers, the older couple, upon awakening the youths, discovers two matched pairs. Bio Read! Oberon had never removed the magic juice from resume write, Demetrius's eyes; he will no longer pursue Hermia. Theseus's perspective alters. Rather than being the rigid, unbending Duke of Athens, he overrules Egeus's sentence on bio read Hermia. Confused and uncertain, the couples leave the forest.
Bottom then awakens, the ass's head removed, and the spell lifted. In a soliloquy emphasizing the contrast between his and Titania's responses to their strange interlude, he marvels: I have had a most rare vision, I have had a dream, past the wit of man to say what dream it was (IV.i.204-6). His speech, as we know, parodies St. Paul's I Corinthians ii.9 ff. If Bottom's vision has been expanded, Titania's has been destroyed. Looking at him, she had reacted with revulsion. Compare! Thus, again, the bio read victimization of a woman is essay role implied. As the play moves towards its denoument, the roles of the women characters have begun to shrink or change. Hippolyta opens the fifth act with the conciliatory 'Tis strange, my Theseus, that these lovers speak of (V.i.I, emphasis added). Her term of address, like Titania's lines when she flies away with Oberon, reveals acceptance of her position although as the scene develops she is the one woman who constantly speaks out.
Hermia and Helena, so vocal earlier, are strangely silent during the bridal entertainment hosted by bio read, Theseus. In contrast, the young bridegrooms, Lysander and Demetrius, along with Theseus speak a good deal, deriding the entertainment by Bottom and his friends. Here we watch the harassment farcical production as the bio read actors strive with their lines. The prologue begins the culture compare essay performance: If we offend, it is with our good will. That you should think, we come not to offend, But with good will. But he is soon interrupted by Theseus, followed by Lysander: He hath rid his prologue like a rough colt; he knows not the stop (119-20). Hippolyta too contributes: Indeed he hath play'd on this prologue like a child on bio read a recorder—a sound, but not in government (122-24).
Trying to outdo one another, the commentators keep interrupting the dubai action as Pyramus exclaims against his fate: O grim-look'd night! O night with hue so black! O night, which ever art when day is not! O night, O night! alack, alack, alack. As the play-within-a-play progresses and both Pyramus and Thisby commit suicide in a case of bio read mistaken supposition, much like the deaths of Romeo and Juliet, the interruptions come more often and are more incisive. Whether it is your mom essay Hippolyta protesting, I am a-weary of this moon. Bio Read! Would he would change! (251-52) of a character portraying moon, or Theseus's response, It appears . . .that he is on the wane (153-54), promptbooks, including that of the 1955 Old Vic version, indicate that the lines of the auditors are frequently cut.
35 Meanwhile, sitting on the sidelines, the two younger women do not participate. Is it an accident that for so long, in the early years, it was Pyramus and Thisbe or other abbreviated versions that were produced? 36 Abstracted from its place in the context of essay role of education in society A Midsummer Night's Dream, Pyramus and bio read, Thisbe was merely a farcical commentary on lovers who die for love, having been hindered by their parents from uniting. But as part of the resume services bloomington larger whole, the play-withina-play not only bio read mocks the intensity of the Athenian lovers and write, the price of love, but also highlights, through this distancing lens of metadrama, the submissiveness (or at least silence) expected of women in marriage. Perhaps aware of the implication of the bio read young women's silence, Augustin Daly, having given the role of Helena to his favorite actress, Ada Rehan, reassigned many of the harassment interrupting lines to the women. Altering the text and countering its implication of the silent women, Daly gave several of the lines of the commentators to bio read, Helena and Hermia, but primarily to Helena, creating in her an assertive personality.
Specifically, the exchange on on sexual the moon is assigned to Helena and Hermia, as is bio read another exchange between Hippolyta and Theseus. Essay! In fact, Daly's reassignment of lines spotlights the bio read freedom of speech that Hippolyta, of all the women in separation thesis, the play, has gained. Did Shakespeare give her these lines because she was, even if won in bio read, battle, a former queen and Amazon? Or was the assignment based on harassment her role as Theseus's wife? Hermia and Helena's last speeches occur in the fourth act when, delighted to have been united with the men of their choice, each marvels at the outcome, Helena still treasuring Demetrius, whom she has found . Bio Read! . . like a jewel (191), Hermia in wonder noting how everything seems double (189). Of all the women characters, Titania has changed the culture and contrast essay most, accepting her role as Oberon's handmaid. Returning with the fairies, she sings and blesses the newly married couples' beds. Bio Read! No recollection of the votress who died in childbirth mars the blessing. Nor is the write Indian boy ever mentioned again. As Stevie Davis observes: When Oberon reclaims his rule, and Theseus leads the characters into the reasserted status quo of the final Act, the bio read issue of the essay on sexual changeling child is laid aside, the mother forgotten, as the bio read play closes around the artisans' comedy it contains.
But a reader may not forget nor really forgive the misappropriation of the boy-child by thesis, the law of the bio read fathers, nor is the haunting music of Titania's elegy contradicted by a preferable ethic or emotion. (127-28) Shakespeare's portraits of women here raise questions about the validity of the separation political and social structures that limit women's actions. At other times the bio read dramatist challenges accepted notions by creating women characters, such as those in All's Well That Ends Well, who are more capable, clever, and intelligent than their male counterparts. Essay Role Of Education! In A Midsummer Night's Dream, he invents basically parallel male and female characters of equivalent ability, then weights the scales in favor of the men, illuminating the obstacles women face. Having presented the issues lightly, he then moves on to conventional theatrical treatment in the ending. Nevertheless, one can believe that Shakespeare has painted here a complex work whose inner design has more depth than has yet been captured on stage and whose implications are still to be realized. Productions still tend to rely on music and exotic settings, frequently avoiding the intensity of the text. As John Simon wrote of a production in 1988 at the Public Theatre in bio read, New York, decrying its lack of lyricism, What has been added is a lot of describe samba, bossanova, and Brazilian ambiance that often clashes with what is spoken.
In that late twentieth-century production by A. J. Antoon, an important contemporary director, the text still seems to have been secondary to bio read, music and bloomington, setting. Perhaps an argument for the play's still untapped potential lies in the example of the recent revival of Carousel of which one critic wrote: Carousel will be 50 next year, but as of this morning it is the freshest, most innovative musical on Broadway (Richards). Praising its power to explore the bio read darker side of life, another critic called it an Everyman for our time. Whatever A Midsummer Night's Dream might have been planned for in its own time—whether a wedding; a simple entertainment, a vibrant piece of stagecraft to amuse even those who were being examined—in its language, in its questioning of societal values, and in its brief portraits of several women suffering at the whim of a power structure they did not devise, the dubai write play holds the potential for being an bio read Everywoman for our time, briefly exploring the darker side of life. On the other hand, it remains for a work like Hamlet to focus more closely on that darkness—on the confusions that face women as well as men in their search for a clearer path in a patriarchal world. 1 Such popular works as Vives's Instructions of a Christian Woman and your, Whately's A Bride-bush, although slightly later in time (1617), address the bio read obligations of the bride. Love appears on separation thesis this list.
In speaking of bio read marriage and its obligations, he speaks of mutuality, at least obliquely: 6. The mutuali therefore (that wee may speake of them in order) are requyred both of man and wife, though not in writing mn, an equall measure of both. For in all these common duties, the husband should bee most abundant, knowing that more of every grace is looked for from him, then from the weaker vessell. Wee call them not therefore common or mutuali, because both should have a like quantity of them; but because both must have some of all, and the husband most of all. And for these common duties, you must know in generali, that whatsoever is requyred of all men and women, generally towards other, by the Law of Christianity and Charity, as they bee men and neighbors; the same is in bio read, an higher degree and larger measure requyred from the husband toward the wife, and from her to resume, him. (6) Unfortunately he then writes of persuasion of a wife to yield to the husband's authority, although earlier he wrote of love being a very important ingredient in bio read, the relationship.
Yea indeed she must be a monstrous and unwomanly woman, that being drawne by entreatie will not yeeld. Resume Write! Authority is bio read like the arts of Logick and writing services, Rhetoricke, that must in speaking be used, and yet concealed: and bio read, then they most prevaile when being used, they are least seene. .. . Men that ride horses have a wand and a spurre, both; they will rather set forward their horses with the whisk sound, or perhaps little touch of the smal stick, then with the sharpnesse of their iron spurre. They proceed not to spurring till their horse be either restie or tiry; and if tiry, that doth more hurt. So the role of education husband should governe his wife, provoke her to accomplish his will with quiet, pleasing and insinuating termes, rather than open and expresse, much lesse violent commandings, unlesse shee bee more then ordinarily unruly. Christ beseecheth his Church most an end, which hee might with most right command. (29) Having finally finished writing of the duties of the husband, Whately then turns to the duties of the wife: The whole duty of the wife is referred to two heads. The first is, to acknowledge her inferiority: the next, to bio read, carry her self as inferiour.
First then the wives judgement must be convinced, that she is not her husbands equall, yea that her husband is her better by compare and contrast essay, farre; else there can bee no contentment, either in her heart, or in her house. If shee stand upon termes of equality, much more of being better than he is, the very root of good carriage is bio read withered, and the fountaine thereof dryed up. Role Of Education! (36) 2 The Fairies (1755) was billed as an opera. It is made up from the first four acts only, of bio read Shakespeare's play and essay, does not include references to Bottom and his troop. Bio Read! It also includes twenty-eight songs added to essay of education, the text. Some are from the play, some from bio read, other plays or other sources, such as Milton's L'Allegro. It was a success (Stone, MND, 469-72). In 1763 a version of resume services mn A Midsummer Night's Dream, attributed variously to Garrick and Colman but which Stone faults Colman for, appeared for one night and failed. It was subsequently followed by A Fairy Tale, which consists of two short acts, centering about the bio read Oberon-Titania dispute and includes Bottom and his fellows (Stone, MND, 480-81). Culture Compare Essay! For a complete discussion of the adaptations variously attributed to bio read, David Garrick and George Colman, see Stone, A Midsummer Night's Dream; and Pedicord and Bergmann, eds.
The Plays of David Garrick, vol. 4, 420-31. Essay! Depending upon which version I am discussing, I refer either to Garrick or Garrick-Colman as the adaptors. 3 The first Pyramus and Thisbe, adapted by Richard Leveridge, 1716, contained their early scenes of planning as well as the actual play-within-a-play; the second, adapted by John Frederick Lampe, 1745, retained only the fifth-act production but omitted the court personnel (Hogan, I.339). Departing further from bio read, Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream, but adopting its adventures of the workmen, Charles Johnson, in 1723, inserted a Pyramus and dubai write, Thisbe comic segment into his version of As You Like It calling his work Love in bio read, a Forest (Hogan, I.339). We are not here dealing with Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream, merely with bits and describe your, pieces.
4 Generally, but inconclusively, attributed to Elkanah Settle, its music definitely written by Henry Purcell, The Fairy Queen was a lavish production costing ?3000 ( LS, l:Iv). Its closing was capped by a dance with twenty-four Chineses (Odell, 1:194). 5 The nineteenth-century dedication to massive staging may have contributed to this shift. According to bio read, Gary Jay Williams the transposition of text and separation, the scenic effects may also reflect the general celebration of empire at the time, with Theseus as the triumphant victor. 6 Reinhardt here drew on his 1927 stage production at the Century theater, in New York, in which Hippolyta appears with a group of large dogs.
7 These are some of the numbered shots in the script. 8 That script, although designated as Final was not incorporated into the finished film. Nor has any copy of this visual sequence of bio read film—a first reel—been found. Robert H. Ball, in seeking to document this same information, found, in 1971 that no indication of reels until 15 reel version existed. Dubai! This comment appears on a chart he made of the different versions, identifying them as R=Reinhardt; K=Kenyon + McCall; 15=15 reel dial; 12=12 reel dial. In addition, his K list has (marked 'Final') and corresponds exactly with the material I found in the Warner Brothers archives at bio read Princeton. The Ball notes are currently in writing, a file at the Folger Shakespeare Library. It also contains an earlier correspondence between Ball and Joel Swensen at Warner Brothers in 1947. This says, Our print man thinks all we have is the 12 reel version 30 July 1947. An earlier letter from Henry Blanke, at Warner Brothers in bio read, California, to dubai, Joel Swensen, states, As far as I can recall, the bio read 15 reel version of A Midsummer Night's Dream ran all over the country, except that very much later on a certain re-issue it was cut down to 12 reels. Separation Thesis! However, neither the bio read 15 nor the 12 reel version will completely correspond with the script as many sequences contained in the script were eliminated—as is services mn usually the case in bio read, motion pictures—before their release.
So the closest thing to essay on sexual harassment, go by bio read, or to get a comparison to the script would be the your mom essay dialogue sheets that were put out bio read, with the original 15 reel version. The letter is dated 14 July 1947. 9 The full text of Fuller's comment is: In every-day life, the feelings of the many are stained with vanity. Each wishes to resume writing mn, be lord in bio read, a little world, to be superior at least over one; and he does not feel strong enough to retain a life-long ascendency over a strong nature.
Only a Theseus could conquer before he wed the separation thesis Amazonian queen. Hercules wished rather to rest with Dejanira, and received the poisoned robe as a fit guerdon. The tale should be interpreted to all those who seek repose with the weak. (43) 10 Aside from having been eliminated from the Garrick-Colman and bio read, Reynolds versions, the references also disappeared in whole or part from the printed acting texts of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries such as French's ( MND 20), Charles Kean's edition ( MND 9), Augustin Daly's ( MND 5), and from the type-script of Henry Jewett's for a 1915 production ( MND 12). When promptbooks relied on the full text, the lines were then crossed out for the acting versions.
Among the latter were the recording of the Burton performance of 1854 ( MND 21), the Beerbohm Tree production of 1900 ( MND 7), and the Samuel Phelps production of 1861 ( MND 13). The Reinhardt film retains only your a small section of the speech. 11 Excisions persisted over a long period of time beginning with the earliest record, the Smock Alley prompt, sometime before 1700, where the lines are crossed out. Garrick eliminated them from his preparation copy of 1763. They do not appear in Reynolds's 1816 version, are crossed out in Charles Kean's ( MND 9) and bio read, eliminated by Daly in separation thesis, 1888 as well as by Herbert Beerbohm Tree for bio read, the 1900 production ( MND 7), to name just a few characteristic productions. 12 Literally, the lines (136-49) were not printed in dubai resume, the French acting texts ( MND 15, MND 20) and bio read, Charles Kean's text of 1869 ( MND 9). In the Burton text of essay of education 1854 ( MND 21), the bio read lines appear but are then crossed through.
13 They are excised from the French text (Prompt MND 15, 20), the Charles Kean text ( MND 9), the Daly text ( MND 5), and are crossed out or blocked for omission in the Burton prompt (page 9, MND 21), the Tree prompt (page 5, MND 7). In the Phelps prompt (page 311, MND 13), it is more difficult to be certain of whether or not the section was excised since there are two different sets of markings here—some in describe mom essay, brown ink, others in bio read, pencil. This section has a penciled bracket on describe mom essay the left. Since another passage immediately above it on bio read the page has been crossed through, the question remains of whether this passage was in fact excised. 14 The Variorum also notes that Halliwell afterwards modified this by the reflection (p.36, folio ed.) that 'the author evidently intended both the speakers should join in passionately lamenting the difficulties encountered in the path of love' (18). 15 Having removed this section from the resume writing services bloomington mn printed text, the Kean book (prompt MND 9) indicates even further excision, penciling out still more of the beginning of this exchange between the two women. It is also excised from the Phelps promptbook ( MND 13).
Earlier, Garrick, who had cut the bio read lines of the on sexual harassment speech, nevertheless retained the character of Helena here whereas Reynolds, despite his promise to restore more of the play in 1816, eliminated her completely from the scene. 16 The excisions occur in bio read, the following prompts: MND 9, MND 20, MND 21, MND 15, and dubai resume, others. 17 The handwriting has been identified as Garrick's. See also Stone article on A Midsummer Night's Dream, discussed in note 2. 18 In a Charles Calvert promptbook of an 1865 production ( MND 1), for example, after her line, For I upon this bank will rest my head (40), her speech continues with and good night, sweet friend / Thy love ne'er alter, till thy sweet life end! (60-61). Thus the bio read entire debate (lines 41-59) has been excised from the printed text. Kean too ( MND 9) follows this format. On Sexual Harassment! Tree ( MND 7) crosses out text, retaining only one line of Lysander's—'One turf shall serve as pillow for us both, (41)—and then, once again, Hermia's Nay good Lysander; for my sake (43) precedes the jump to the conclusion so far be distant, and good night, sweet friend: / Thy love ne'er alter till thy sweet life end! (60-61). Lysander's innocuous Amen and the few brief lines of good night precede their finally falling off to sleep, which closes this section of the scene.
Phelps's book, too ( MND 13), cuts the debate. Gone is Lysander's sophisticated argument in favor of one bed, along with her Lysander riddles very prettily . . . Bio Read! (42, 43b-56a). Daly, too ( MND 5), includes Lysander's One turf . . . (41-42) and Hermia's brief response Nay good Lysander . . . (43-44) then jumps to line 60, So far be distant; and good night sweet friend. Culture And Contrast! / Thy love ne'er alter, till thy sweet life end! (60-61). 19 As a sampling, they are crossed out in Burton's text (22-23) (MND 21 ) and Phelps's of 1861 (328-29) ( MND 13); and are omitted from George Colman and David Garrick's 1763 version ( MND 19), Charles Kean's ( MND 9), Augustin Daly's, 1888 ( MND 5), Herbert Beerbohm Tree's ( MND 7), French's ( MND 15), and the edition recording performances at the Broadway Theatre ( MND 20), as well as Henry Jewett's 1915 typescript ( MND 12). Of course the highly abbreviated Colman version of 1777, A Fairy Tale ( MND 22), does not include these Athenian characters at all. 20 Seldom the subject for criticism, Helena has the bio read largest percentage of lines (10.4) and words (11.2) of any woman character in the play although Hermia has more speeches (9.5 percent to separation, Helena's 7.14). Hermia's fewer lines (7.5 percent) and words (7.9 percent) suggest the bio read difference in the pattern of the women's speeches.
Following is the record in the Concordance of the other long roles: Theseus: 9.5 percent speeches, 10.9 percent lines, 10.7 percent words; Bottom 9.9 percent speeches, 9.7 percent lines, 10.3 percent words; Oberon 5.7 percent speeches, 10.2 percent lines, 9.9 percent words. Spevack, Concordance 1:666-713. 21 Many fine references appear in compare and contrast essay, this article, including one to Gayle Rubin's The Traffic in Women. Marshall asks questions: How are we to take Demetrius' recovery from the 'sickness' of bio read abandoning Helena and loving Hermia since it is just as much the product of enchantment as Lysander's abandonment of Hermia and love for Helena? Are we to be pleased by the success of Helena's subjection of herself to Demetrius or Titania's sudden and manipulated surrender to Oberon? What about Hippolyta's marriage to the soldier who vanquished her? . . Separation! . They raise the possibility that A Midsummer Night's Dream is not one of Shakespeare's happiest comedies' [Madeline Doran, intro. in bio read, Penguin Complete Works] but rather a 'most lamentable comedy' (I.ii.11-12) and 'very tragical mirth' (V.i.57) (548). Marshall also takes exception to C. L. Barber's comment that Theseus and resume, Hippolyta are looking toward their wedding 'Theseus . . . with masculine impatience, Hippolyta with a woman's willingness to dream away time' ( Shakespeare's Festive Comedies, p. 128) (548). Marshall asks how Barber knows this since the language doesn't say it.
I don't know how Barber manages to assign genders to these feelings (548). Of David P. Young's comment ( Something of bio read Great Constancy: the Art of A Midsummer Night's Dream , New Haven: Yale University Press, 1966, 109), It is appropriate that Theseus, as representative of culture compare essay daylight and right reason, should have subdued his bride-to-be to the rule of his masculine will. Bio Read! That is the natural order of describe mom essay things (p. Bio Read! 99), Marshall comments, This may have been the ruling ideology in resume services bloomington mn, the sixteenth century or in 1966—I don't see that it has ever been the natural order of things—but it is not necessarily the ideology of A Midsummer Night's Dream (550). 22 The typescript of Henry Jewett's 1915 production ( MND 12), for example, directs Titania to take the boy to bio read, her side (14). In the elegant Daly version, when Titania enters, her attendant fairies .. . carry a canopy covering the Indian child, reclining on a silver couch ( MND 5, 33).
In this cut version, there is even the printed stage direction, Oberon orders his attendants to separation, advance, and he dashes toward the couch to seize the child. He tears aside the curtains, and finds that it has disappeared (34). Crossed out in pencil by a later manager, the action dramatizes the bio read hostility between king and queen although simplifying the portraits. 23 The comment is by culture essay, Thomas Hailes Lacy for the 1840 text. Actually Mendelssohn first wrote the bio read overture for of education, an 1827 revival in Berlin (Campbell, 546). However it was the Vestris production, claiming to present the play almost as Shakespeare wrote it, for the first time since 1642, that was such a huge success (Campbell, 546). According to Odell, no version this close to Shakespeare's had appeared since Davenant's in the seventeenth century (II.204). Vestris's was followed by bio read, other lavish productions, most relying on this music. Only Phelps eschewed the music. 24 The popularity of A Midsummer Night's Dream at mid nineteenth century extended from London to New York, two rival productions appearing in February, 1854: at Burton's and the Broadway theaters. Resume Writing! Both claimed Mendelssohn's music.
25 See Stevie Davis's sensitive analysis of Titania and of her relationship with the mother of the boy before his birth (125-29). 26 See the following promptbooks: MND 5, MND 9, MND 20, MND 21, MND 13, MND 15. Although, according to bio read, Allen, all but 300 lines of the original were excised by Phelps, in prompt MND 13, believed to be a record of his production, huge chunks of Titania's speeches were cut. In fact only the first seven lines (81-89) remain of the speech beginning These are the forgeries of jealousies. They are followed immediately be Oberon's Why should Titania cross her Oberon? / I do but beg a little changeling boy, / To be my henchman (119-21). A single line is cut from his speech. Again Titania's description of the boy's mother is also crossed through.
Thus, the restoration hardly affects the role lines of Titania. Bio Read! In II.i Phelps excises most of her speech to essay role in society, Oberon 88-117 and then Oberon's 118, Do you amend it then. Bio Read! Again the actor-manager excises When we have laugh'd to see the dubai sails conceive .. . did die, 128-35. 27 Crossed out in Burton's text ( MND 21), and in bio read, Samuel Phelps's ( MND 13), her lines disappear from the Kean printed text ( MND 9), the Daly text ( MND 5), and others. 28 Marilyn Williamson refers to the need to be aware of the historical contexts in which the dubai resume plays were written. Surely the ideas on marriage and divorce are embedded in this text although the characters are cast as fairies. 29 Circled for excision from MND 6 (by Garrick), therefore gone from 1763 text ( MND 19), and bio read, from Reynolds's 1816 text ( MND 18); Burton ( MND 21) 1854; ( MND 9); Daly ( MND 5); the of education in society lines are circled for excision in bio read, Phelps MND 13.
Also excised from type-script of Jewett's, 1915 ( MND 12). 30 Here again Phelps's prompt ( MND 13) has excised lines as have the texts of 1763, 1854, and Tree, etc. The whole section referring to reason in Lysander's speech has also been eliminated from the 1856 printed text ( MND 9); most of the essay on sexual harassment lines have been excised from Jewett's 1915 typescript ( MND 12) and from Daly's 1888 text ( MND 5); finally, the section has been crossed out in the 1853 ( MND 13) and 1854 versions ( MND 21), Tree's in 1900 ( MND 7) (and probably other contemporaneous ones that I did not examine). 31 Kean ( MND 9). He emphasizes her unique role as a spirit of no common rate and retains only the first line (152) of the bio read quote, following it immediately with For I do love thee, a variant on the text's And I do love thee (156). In that version, neither Bottom nor the audience is told of her power to keep him from leaving. 32 See chapter 3, Challenging Patterns, in Irene Dash's Wooing, Wedding, and Power: Women in write, Shakespeare's Plays, 33-66. 33 In Prompt MND 8, this section has been crossed through in bio read, pencil.
34 According to Shattuck (323), this is a Kemble edition (1816) although nowhere on the title page or elsewhere does the usual attribution appear. Some of the alterations, however, do appear in describe, later acting versions. 35 Among the other versions that excised, once the longer play appeared are the 1935 film, the Beerbohm Tree version, and the 1854 version. 36 According to Hogan (11.718), the bio read play ranked twenty-first in popularity of Shakespeare's plays between 1701 and 1800. But this figure is deceptive since only essay one production is listed as the original during the period. Bio Read! The other sixty-three times that it was acted audiences were seeing either a version of Pyramus and Thisbe, The Fairies, or A Fairy Tale. Source: Male Magic: A Midsummer Night's Dream, in Women's Worlds in Shakespeare's Plays, University of separation Delaware Press, 1997, pp.
67-107. Access our A Midsummer. Study Guide for bio read, Free. A Midsummer Night's Dream Homework Help Questions. One of the roles of the supernatural in A Midsummer Night's Dream is to create a dreamlike state that helps portray Shakespeare's theme of resume writing services mn fantasy vs. reality.Critic Northrop Frye points out that. Demetrius is the only character to have been left permanently changed by bio read, the magic within Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream.
At the beginning of the play, Demetrius is in love with Hermia. One classic way to create comedy is through irony. Irony takes place when words, actions, or plot development contradict what is intended or expected to happen. Shakespeare uses many instances of. This is resume writing bloomington actually a crucial quote for bio read, the entire play, as Helena here in essay role, Act I scene 1 explains the complete irrational nature of love that had already been displayed by the central lovers and will. The four Athenian lovers are easily to bio read, confuse, particularly Helena and Hermia, due to the similarity in role in society, how their names are spelt.
It seems as if Shakespeare deliberately present them as.
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Gorsuch#039;s writings borrow from other authors. The White House rejects any suggestion of impropriety. 04/04/2017 11:19 PM EDT. Updated 04/05/2017 05:24 PM EDT. The findings come as Republicans are on bio read the brink of changing Senate rules to confirm Neil Gorsuch over the vehement objections of Democrats. | Getty.
Supreme Court nominee Neil Gorsuch copied the structure and language used by several authors and failed to cite source material in essay, his book and an academic article, according to bio read documents provided to POLITICO. The documents show that several passages from the essay on sexual harassment tenth chapter of his 2006 book, “The Future of Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia,” read nearly verbatim to a 1984 article in the Indiana Law Journal. Bio Read. In several other instances in that book and an academic article published in 2000, Gorsuch borrowed from the ideas, quotes and structures of scholarly and legal works without citing them. Story Continued Below. The findings come as Republicans are on the brink of changing Senate rules to mom essay confirm Gorsuch over the vehement objections of Democrats. Bio Read. The documents could raise questions about the rigor of role Gorsuch’s scholarship, which Republicans have portrayed during the bio read confirmation process as unimpeachable. The White House on Tuesday pushed back against any suggestion of impropriety. “This false attack has been strongly refuted by highly-regarded academic experts, including those who reviewed, professionally examined, and edited Judge Gorsuch’s scholarly writings, and even the author of the main piece cited in the false attack,” said White House spokesman Steven Cheung. “There is describe your mom essay only one explanation for this baseless, last-second smear of Judge Gorsuch: those desperate to justify the unprecedented filibuster of a well-qualified and mainstream nominee to bio read the Supreme Court.” However, six experts on academic integrity contacted independently by POLITICO differed in their assessment of what Gorsuch did, ranging from calling it a clear impropriety to mere sloppiness.
“Each of the individual incidents constitutes a violation of dubai academic ethics. I've never seen a college plagiarism code that this would not be in violation of,” said Rebecca Moore Howard, a Syracuse University professor who has written extensively on bio read the issue. Susan Rice becomes the target of conservative attacks over Flynn unmasking. Elizabeth Berenguer, an associate professor of law at Campbell Law School, said that under legal or academic standards Gorsuch’s similarities to the Indiana Law Journal would be investigated “as a potential violation of our plagiarism policy. It’s similar enough to the original work.” “I would apply an academic writing standard,” said Berenguer, who teaches plagiarism and legal writing. “Even if it were a legal opinion, it would be plagiarism under either.” The White House provided statements from more than a half-dozen scholars who have worked with Gorsuch or helped oversee the mom essay dissertation he wrote at bio read Oxford University that was later turned into describe mom essay his book. They included John Finnis, professor emeritus at Oxford; John Keown of Georgetown University, one of the outside supervisors for Gorsuch’s dissertation; and Robert George of Princeton University, the general editor for Gorsuch’s book publisher. The experts offered by bio read, the White House asserted that the criteria for citing work in dissertations on legal philosophy is different than for other types of describe academia or journalism: While Gorsuch may have borrowed language or facts from others without attribution, they said, he did not misappropriate ideas or arguments. Judge Gorsuch did not attempt to bio read steal other people’s intellectual property or pass off ideas or arguments taken from other writers as his own, said George.
In no case did he seek credit for insights or analysis that had been purloined. In short, not only is there no fire, there isn’t even any smoke.” The examples at issue make up a small fraction of essay role in society published works by Gorsuch, which include hundreds of bio read legal opinions, academic articles, news articles and his book. POLITICO did not conduct a full examination of the federal judge’s writings. Yet a review of the documents provided to POLITICO shows Gorsuch parroting other writers’ prose and sourcing without citing them. Instead, Gorsuch often acknowledges the primary sources cited by those writers.
In the most striking example, Gorsuch, in of education in society, his book, appears to duplicate sentences from an Indiana Law Journal article written by bio read, Abigail Lawlis Kuzma without attributing her. Instead, he uses the same sources that Kuzma used: A 1982 Indiana court ruling that was later sealed, a well-known pediatrics textbook, “Rudolph’s Pediatrics,” and essay a 1983 article in the Bloomington Sunday Herald. Gorsuch, “The Future of Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia,” p. Bio Read. 192. “Baby Doe” (an appellation used to protect the family’s privacy) was born in Bloomington, Indiana, on April 9, 1982, with two congenital anomalies, Down’s syndrome and esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula. Down’s syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that involves both a certain amount of physical deformity and some degree of mental retardation. 49 Esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula means that the esophageal passage from the mouth to the stomach ends in a pouch, with an dubai resume write, abnormal connection between the bio read trachea and the esophagus. As a result, food and drink pass to the lungs instead of the stomach, eventually resulting in separation, suffocation unless surgery is bio read performed to correct the malformation. 50 Surgery to correct esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula is routinely performed with success, but the on sexual parents of Baby Doe refused to consent to the surgery. Shortly after Baby Doe was born, a hearing was held at Bloomington Hospital to determine whether the parents had the right to refuse the surgery on behalf of their child.
An attorney was present at the hearing to represent the parents, though no one was present to represent Baby Doe’s potentially adverse interests. Six physicians attended, three of whom had obstetric privileges and three of whom had pediatric privileges at Bloomington Hospital. The obstetricians “recommended that the child remain at Bloomington Hospital with full knowledge that surgery to correct tracheoesophageal fistula was not possible at Bloomington Hospital and that within a short period of time the child would succumb due to bio read inability to receive nutriment and/or pneumonia.” 51 The pediatricians, meanwhile, stated that the appropriate treatment was to undertake corrective surgery immediately, and one of the pediatricians testified that the child might enjoy a reasonable quality of life. 52 The dispute wound up in a state court where the of education in society trial judge concluded that the parents had the right to refuse corrective surgery even though their child would die. The Indiana Supreme Court refused to hear an bio read, appeal, and the child died on the sixth day after he was born while a guardian ad litem was on his way to Washington, D.C., to appeal the case to essay on sexual harassment the United States Supreme Court. Kuzma, The Legislative Response to Infant Doe, Indiana Law Journal, p. 378.
In its declaratory judgment, the court concluded that the parents of Infant Doe had the right to choose the bio read course of treatment recommended by the obstetricians in the case, that of harassment refusing corrective surgery and bio read allowing the child to die. 26 The case was unsuccessfully brought before the essay Indiana Supreme Court on an Emergency Appeal, 27 and the child died on the sixth day after he was born while the guardian ad litem was on bio read his way to Washington, D.C., to appeal the essay harassment case to the United States Supreme Court. 28. At one point, Gorsuch’s prose mimics Kuzma’s almost word for word in describing a child born with Down syndrome. Kuzma stated that “Esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula indicates that the esophageal passage from the mouth to the stomach ends in a pouch, with an abnormal connection between the trachea and the esophagus.” Gorsuch wrote that “Esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula means that the esophageal passage from the mouth to bio read the stomach ends in a pouch, with an abnormal connection between the trachea and the esophagus.” Gorsuch also uses similar language as Kuzma in and contrast, describing “Baby Doe’s” first days. “Shortly after Baby Doe was born, a hearing was held at Bloomington Hospital to determine whether the parents had the right to refuse the bio read surgery on describe behalf of their child.
An attorney was present at the hearing to represent the bio read parents, though no one was present to represent Baby Doe’s potentially adverse interests. Six physicians attended, three of whom had obstetric privileges and three of whom had pediatric privileges at Bloomington Hospital,” Gorsuch wrote. Wrote Kuzma: “Approximately twenty-six hours after Infant Doe was born, a hearing was held at Bloomington Hospital to determine whether the parents had the right to culture essay choose a course of treatment for their child that consisted of allowing the child to die. An attorney was present at the hearing to represent the child’s parents. No attorney was present to bio read represent Infant Doe’s interests. Six physicians attended the hearing, three of whom had obstetric privileges and three of whom had pediatric privileges at essay of education in society Bloomington Hospital.” Kuzma, a one-time aide to bio read former Sen.
Dick Lugar (R-Ind.), did not respond to describe your an inquiry from POLITICO, but released a statement through Gorsuch’s team. Kuzma said she does “not see an issue here, even though the language is similar.” “These passages are factual, not analytical in nature,” Kuzma, a former assistant attorney general in Indiana, said. “It would have been awkward and difficult for bio read Judge Gorsuch to bloomington mn have used different language.” Trump counts his wins after health care loss. But a 1983 Notre Dame Law Review article addressing the same case did, in bio read, fact, use different, plainer language to culture describe the issue than Kuzma or Gorsuch did.
Author John M. Maciejczyk wrote that the “infant needed surgery to bio read correct a blocked esophagus.” In several other examples provided to POLITICO, Gorsuch follows the your fact patterns and sourcing of other writers without acknowledging them. In describing euthanasia activist Derek Humphry, Gorsuch’s book tracks closely with a 2003 book titled, “A Merciful End: The Euthanasia Movement in bio read, Modern America,” by Ian Dowbiggin. “In 1989 Humphry left his second wife, Ann Wickett, soon after she had undergone surgery for breast cancer. During the divorce, Wicket alleged that when Humphry purported to help her mother commit suicide, the role of education resulting death was not fully consensual,” Gorsuch wrote. Dowbiggin wrote: “In 1989 he left his second wife, Ann Wickett, shortly after she had undergone surgery for breast cancer. Bio Read. Their subsequent divorce was made messier by Wickett’s allegations that her mother had not died willingly when Humphry had participated in the suicides of compare essay her own parent,” Dowbiggin wrote. Gorsuch did not include an bio read, attribution to Dowbiggin in culture and contrast, the passage at issue, though he did cite the author at bio read numerous other points in the book. Describe Your. Dowbiggin listed his sources as “Deadly Compassion: The Death of bio read Ann Humphry and The Truth About Euthenasia,” by separation thesis, Rita Marker, and “Last Rights: The Struggle over the Right to bio read Die” by Sue Woodman.
The same titles were cited as sources by Gorsuch. In the same chapter, Gorsuch appears to rely heavily on a 2002 article by essay role of education in society, Paul Lombardo of the University of Virginia about sterilization techniques used in that state in the early 20th century. Lombardo writes that a woman named Carrie Buck was sterilized after having a child and her mother was institutionalized. “Even worse for her, officials at her mother’s asylum claimed that mother and daughter shared hereditary traits of feeblemindedness and sexual promiscuity,” Gorsuch wrote. Wrote Lombardo, “Officials at bio read the Virginia Colony said that Carrie and essay role her mother shared the hereditary traits of ‘feeblemindedness’ and sexual promiscuity.”
Get breaking news when it happens — in your inbox. By signing up you agree to bio read receive email newsletters or alerts from POLITICO. Services Bloomington. You can unsubscribe at any time. Gorsuch did not cite Lombardo despite mimicking his sentences and presenting them in virtually the same order, according to bio read an electronic search of Gorsuch’s book. Howard, the Syracuse University professor, said Gorsuch engaged in a practice known as “patchwriting” — essentially patching together words, fact sequences and quotes from culture essay another source, but occasionally changing up phrasing and bio read tenses. In addition to “heavy patchwriting,” Howard said, Gorsuch “hides his sources, which gives the appearance of a very deliberate method. Resume Writing. I would certainly call it plagiarism.”
In a 2000 article in the Harvard Journal of Law Public Policy titled “The Right to Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia,” Gorsuch’s writing aligns closely with a 1985 Duquesne Law Review article about euthanasia in colonial America. Gorsuch describes laws in colonial Virginia, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, South Carolina, North Carolina and Pennsylvania in the same order and with similar quotations as the bio read Duquesne article. But Gorsuch never cites the article in that passage, instead only repeating the same sources that it relied on. Oxford's academic guidance for plagiarism states that “paraphrasing the work of others by altering a few words and changing their order, or by closely following the structure of their argument, is plagiarism if you do not give due acknowledgement to describe the author whose work you are using.” Christopher Sprigman, a New York University law professor involved in building an online standard for citation in legal scholarship, said he did not believe the examples of Gorsuch’s questionable writings reflected “mendacious” acts on bio read the judge’s part. Gorsuch’s manner in attributing sources is “a choice that you might agree with or disagree with,” Sprigman said. Essay On Sexual. “It’s a little bit risky, but I wouldn’t say it rises to the level of a bad act.
I think some people would say it’s sloppy.” Josh Gerstein and Seung Min Kim contributed to this report. Correction: An earlier version of this story incorrectly stated Kuzma's employment status with the Indiana attorney general's office. Missing out on the latest scoops? Sign up for POLITICO Playbook and bio read get the latest news, every morning — in your inbox.
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Rukia stands up and grabs the balloons while Momo gets the incense before joining her friend. They stand next to each other on the edge of the bio read hill overlooking half of the Karakura town; both are wearing solemn and role in society, serious faces. Bio Read! Momo holds the incense on describe your, both hands while Rukia holds up the balloon on one hand while the other holds the hem of bio read her shawl together. She takes in a deep breath and looks up at the sky before she starts, It has been 15 years of joy, sorrow, happiness, pain. and arcade games. Momo sniffs gently, brushing a tiny hint of tear on the corner of culture compare her eye in a very lady like manner, while Rukia resumes on her speech. It has been 15 wonderful years of youth and carefree living. But tonight. will be the end of those years.
But though shall not feel sadness cause the end is just the bio read beginning. Dubai Resume Write! A cold and gentle late afternoon breeze blows around them, rustlings the leaves and the grass and bio read, making the birds fly off the essay of education in society trees. Tonight, I will surrender my virginity to my 'wonderful' husband- Rukia turns at her friend as the bio read said girl rubs her nose and wipes it with her shawl before mumbling a 'Sorry.' and urging her to go on. She rolls her eyes before taking in separation thesis a deep breath and holding up the balloons on her hand. Let these red balloons symbolize my virginity that I will whole heartedly give to my husband, while these incredibly wonderful rabbit figurine brought us prosperity. Let these fly off towards the sky, and into the moon and be with the stars. And may it reach the heavens, to send us the angels of love and. Love making. Bio Read! so Ichigo and I will be prosperous and separation thesis, always happy. And satisfied, Momo murmurs making her friend blush.
Rukia shoots her a quick glare before clearing her throat and holds the balloons higher. Both of them look up at the sky, It is time. Goodbye virginity! Goodbye. Bio Read! she declaims dramatically as she releases the separation thesis balloons on her hands. The two girls watch the bio read red balloons with solemn anticipation as it floats up a bit. and slowly falls down the ground in front of them. I told you to thesis buy the white ones. So, here are the checklists I made for The Preparation.
You have to follow all of this so. Momo's voice trails off as she displays each item on bio read, her bag while Rukia scans the said checklist. Place a photo under his pillow? Rukia reads in a questioning tone and Momo, still busy with the 'stuffs', nods at her. It's for dream purposes. It's very effective.
When you place your photo under his pillow, he will be dreaming of your you every night. And that'll set his mood, Momo explains. Rukia raises an bio read, eyebrow as she continues, Spray or display honey scented fragrant around the house. You know, it's for essay harassment, what they say 'the birds and bio read, the bees'. It'll attract them. Rukia gives her an unsure look, Always tie up your hair. Sing jazz songs while taking a shower. Momo chuckles, It's very daring and seductive but it's a turn on for sure. But Momo, I don't know jazz.
Oh! Don't worry, I'm prepared. Resume Writing Bloomington! Here. Momo hands her a cd. Fly me to the moon or Unchained Melody. Oh! What a classic. You have to bio read learn it. Rukia lets out a groan and gives her friend a look of disbelief. Momo pauses on arranging her display and looks back at her friend. Rukia, it's necessary.
You have to do all of describe your mom essay this so you are a hundred percent prepared for the big night of your life! Rukia sighs, But Momo, I- Ah, ah, ah! No more protests, Mrs. Bio Read! Kurosaki. You will follow that checklist and that's final. Remember what they say, no pain no glory. You mean, no pain no gain, Rukia deadpans but her friend waves her hand dismissively, mouthing the essay role of education word 'Whatever' before continuing on her task.
Rukia sighs and scans the paper again, reading it silently reacting only on a particular one. Lingerie? Momo, why do I have to buy a lingerie? Momo chuckles again at her friend's reaction, Oh that's my favorite. You'll wear it for the lap dance. Rukia blushes and gapes at bio read her friend, What? You're a dancer, Rukia so. oh! Yeah, I forgot to write there. You also have to buy painkillers, Momo trails off, ignoring her gaping friend.
You know, Kurosaki-sensei sure looks big and he's an athlete too so he sure has a lot of stamina and. Blood oozes down Rukia's nose and her face is red hot as her expert friend continues to talk about Rukia's husband and how his 'big thick sword' will cut and thrust her 'fresh and young flower'. Seriously, is Momo still a virgin or she just reads or googles too much? . Culture Compare And Contrast Essay! oh! You will surely cry for bio read, his name and asks for him to do it again. Uuuugh. Rukia groans as Momo starts dramatizing beside her. Oh yeah! That's it. As the day's move along, Rukia and Momo busy their selves with The Preparation.
Buying these and dubai resume, those items, doing weird stuffs like sitting on the rooftop during breaks doing yoga or some meditaion, catching butterflies in the morning and bio read, releasing it before the day ends, Momo always tie Rukia's hair in different styles. They also do this weird dance/exercise and essay, Momo even manage to make Rukia wear something along with her uniform. What are you were wearing? Ichigo asks with a raise brow as he looks at his wife up and down. It's called a school uniform.
Rukia says, smiling sheepishly at him. I know it. Bio Read! What I mean is. why are you wearing jogging pants under your skirt? It's not the proper school attire. Ah, it's because. ahm. Rukia, it's for resume, the purification and cleanliness. Your body should be kept from bio read other people's eyes so you have to wear our coat and wear pants under your skirt. Culture Compare Essay! Don't worry it's only for The Preparation.
You can take it off after your 'honeymoon'. Ahm. It's for PE class later, Rukia answers, a pink blush tinting on her cheeks as she remembers the real purpose of it. as what Momo says. But PE is after lunch break so you still have time to change. Rukia, remove those pants.
I don't want you having caught by the Discipline office again so- No! Rukia exclaims. I mean I want to wear it now so I'm not taking it off. Don't start at bio read me, Rukia. You know you better take that off or I'll make you. Rukia blushes upon seeing the malicious grin on her husband's face.
But the stubborn part of her kicks in and gives him a glare. Don't you dare. Their eyes narrow at each other and on sexual, they poses on a defensive stance as they walk in circles, then. Rukia bolts towards the front door of their house and manages to open it but of bio read course Ichigo, being a fast demon he is, appears right behind her and slams the door shut with one hand. He then lifts his small wife and shoves her on resume bloomington, the couch. Rukia groans and sits upright but before she can get away, Ichigo stands in front of bio read her and orders her firmly. Take it off. Now. Momo skips happily as she enters the gate and resume, heads towards her friend's house. Earlier this morning, she felt like walking with her bff to school so here she is now. Bio Read! standing in front of the Kurosaki house and is about to knock on describe your mom essay, its door. OHAY-hm?
Her hand stops mid air as she hears a yelp. Bio Read! Curious, Momo presses her ear on the wooden door and her eyes widen at what she hears. Ichigo, stop it! I'm not- Take it off, Rukia or I'll tear it down myself! No! Please, don't take it away from me! I'm not prepared yet! You don't need any preparation for this, so c'mon Rukia! We still have to dubai resume write go to school. Uurggh.
Rukia, you're grabbing it so tight! Aah. Ichigo let me go. you're hurting me! Momo can't take it anymore. She bursts inside the couple's house, screaming. Bio Read! RUKIA! I'LL SAVE YOUUUU. The couple turns at role door and sees a fuming Momo coming their way with a vase on her hand, ready to throw it at. Hmm? Momo pauses on her track, blinking as she finds her raven haired friend sitting comfortably at the couch while her orange haired husband stands on the side, a pair of jogging pants on bio read, his hand.
Rukia, I thought you. Did he. I mean, how'd you. Momo stutters. Rukia frowns and crosses her arms in front. Momo, he won't allow me to wear it. Ichigo grimaces, realizing that it's Momo's idea after all and tosses the pants aside. He then turns at his wife's bff and scowls, Why are you holding up a vase, anyway?
Momo, who is still on resume services bloomington, her throwing stance, turns beat red as the bio read Kurosaki couple stares at her. Writing Bloomington! She holds the vase to bio read her face and in society, smiles sheepishly, Roses are really red, aren't they? Walking side by bio read, side, Rukia and Momo stares at the orange haired teacher walking a few meters ahead of them. Momo's gaze shifts between her friend and her teacher, while Rukia glares daggers at her husband's back. It's okay, Rukia. Resume Writing Mn! It's not included in the major checklist so- It's unfair, Momo! He's always bossing me around. In school, in bio read the house and everywhere!
Can't he see that I'm doing all of this for him! Momo sigh and pats her friend's shoulder, It'll be fine, Rukia. Every thing's gonna be- Why, hey lovely young ladies! A brunette guy appears from nowhere, interrupting their conversation. Wanna hang out with a single hot guy like me? the guy asks, placing his arms on both girls' shoulder and separation thesis, pulling them against him. The gesture surprises the girls but before they could react, a bag hits the guy square in the face, making him fall hard on the ground. Rukia and bio read, Momo blinks at the fallen man before turning at the direction where the essay on sexual harassment bag came flying in. Get inside the school grounds, now. Ichigo says as he walks towards the two girls and picks his bag nonchalantly from the ground. The scowl on his face is deep enough to silence any objections especially from his wife.
Rukia and bio read, Momo nod and jog their way towards the school gate while Ichigo stare down at essay the guy. Uugh. Bio Read! the brunette groans, hands covering his face as he tries to sit up. Compare Essay! Oh that hurts, men! What are you, some kind of a- his voice caught in bio read his throat as his eyes meet. Alright, class that would be all, I'll see guys later. Bye. Goodbye, Kurosaki-sensei. the class chorus and starts packing their bentos and leaves the room. Chatting, laughing, some are making fun of each other and compare and contrast, everything while their teacher goes out ahead of them in bio read a hurry. Rukia's face churns in confusion as she watches her teacher/husband heads out anxiously. Rukia, shall we go now? Momo asks in an enthusiastic manner.
Not removing her eyes at the door, Rukia nods and grabs her bag. Yeah, let's proceed with the preparation process, she says and separation, the two girls start walking out of the room. Ichigo goes straight out of the bio read school gate and meets with the brunette guy that he encountered earlier. Ichigo! Over here! the brunette calls out and Ichigo walks towards him. Geez, I thought you're not gonna leave that room.
Seriously, how can you stand being a teacher? It's like having a brain cancer. Dubai Resume! It sucks! Yeah, it sucks. just like us, Ichigo says then is taken aback as the brunette guy hugs him and bio read, starts weeping. Oh Ichigo!
I miss you so much, my old friend! It's been many many centuries since we last saw each other! I'm really happy to see my scowling old buddy. Uugh. Keigo let go of me, you- Ichigo groans as he tries to pry his long lost. okay, friend off him, elbowing his face away to essay escape from the tight hug that the bio read brunette gives him. But Keigo clings tighter and essay role of education, so the two starts to bio read wrestle. After 15 minutes. Geez, I can't believe I'm here again! I mean, it's like forever since I last.
Keigo's voice trails off as his gaze wanders around the small secluded shoten house/store/restaurant while Ichigo finds them a place to sit. My, my. A long lost comrade is back in town. It's nice to harassment see you again, Asano-kun. A man with a bucket hat greets and steps towards them. Ah, it's nice to bio read see you too, Urahara-san!
Where is Yuroichi-san? She's at the grocery. Culture Compare! I'm glad you're able to bring Kurosaki-san here again. It's been awhile since he last ate here. My wife makes a delicious bento so I don't have to go here anymore. Keigo's eyes widen and he rushes towards his friend, You mean, you found your mate already?
And you even marry her? Ichigo crosses his arms and bio read, turns his head on the side, Yeah, I married her 5 years ago. Ooh. how does she look? I mean how does she look? Is she sexy, with large bumps and a roundish- Shut it Keigo! It's for me to know and for you not to find out!
Keigo whimpers while Urahara chuckles beside him, Kurosaki-san is a bit possessive of his mate so you better find your own mate, Asano-kun. Keigo's face saddens and describe your mom essay, he suddenly becomes gloomy, making the bio read other two persons in the room look at him in confusion. Oh my, did I say something wrong? Urahara asks. Keigo shakes his head and takes his seat in front of Ichigo. He sighs heavily before he starts, Actually, I also found my mate 5 years ago. Her name is Chizuru, she was a tomboy when I first met her but. Luckily, I was able to compare essay make her a real woman. Ichigo gives him a dirty look which says 'Of course you will'.
No, Ichigo I didn't rape her or something. Bio Read! It's. well after we had our first sex; she said it's wonderful to be a woman afterall. So that's how she became one. Keigo sighs and resume writing, looks down his lap. Ichigo can see that his friend is somewhat reminiscing on certain memories in his head so he doesn't speak for a while. His friend, Asano Keigo is also a half blooded vampire. But unlike him, it's Keigo's choice to bio read become one. After a moment, Urahara decides to break the silence. So where is culture, she? She. she left me, Keigo says in a very sad tone and bio read, a hurtful look on his face. Ichigo scowls, Why is that?
I don't know. We were happy and we don't have a very serious fight. We're about to get married next year, but as I got in our apartment one afternoon. she's gone. Keigo sighs softly before he continues. Write! Though she left some of her clothes and bio read, she even left her glasses at our bedroom.
But it's been two weeks and she hasn't come home yet. Is that why you're here in Karakura? Urahara asks. Yeah, I thought I could find her here. And I want to harassment ask for bio read, your help too. Keigo turns at his orange haired friend then. Oh Ichigo, my friend! Please help me find my mate! I beg you! Ichigo groans, Uurgh.
I'll help you but WILL YOU STOP HUGGING ME! A strong punch lands on Keigo's face and he comes flying towards the other side of the room. That would be 2-9-9 for a single chair, Urahara says, grinning widely at the wrecked furniture. Writing Bloomington Mn! Then a crappy painting drops on Keigo's head and breaks into half. Urahara blinks, Oh, I just saw that painting on the street so it'll be for free. You don't have to bio read pay for essay role of education in society, it. Ichigo grimaces at Urahara but the greedy store owner just smile back at him and says, You're welcome. Ichigo goes back to school a bit late that afternoon, thanks to his clingy idiotic friend. That guy knows how to bio read make him all worked up.
But honestly, he missed his friend too. It's been such a very very long time since he last saw a high school friend so it's quite good to see him again. But Keigo's problem really bothers him though. His mate left him, though that was likely to happen since Keigo is a huge pervert. But the thing is. She left some of her clothes. And she even left her eye glasses which she always wear, 'cause she has a quite poor eyesight. Ichigo crosses his arms and leans down on essay harassment, his empty classroom wall.
He peers down the bio read window and essay, sees his wife walking towards the field along with her classmates, wearing her PE uniform. Bio Read! She has a big smile on her face as Momo tells her some story with matching hand gestures and all. Then one of her male classmates approaches the two and asks something. Rukia and Momo smiles and separation, nods at bio read him before jogging on their way to thesis the field. Ichigo's eyes glower. Rukia is still young, she still has a lot to learn and bio read, experience. Resume! What if she fell in love with someone else? What if she decides to leave him when she finally turns to legal age? His eyes narrow and bio read, his hands tighten on the windowsill.
A low growling stirs inside him as his body suddenly tense. A nerve appears on his jawline as he grits his teeth hard. He closes his eyes and cracks his neck slowly. Separation! His feeling hot and there's only one way to cool him down. Rukia, hurry up! We're gonna be late for class! Momo calls, knocking at the door of the cubicle where Rukia is. After their PE class, they go to the shower room to change back to their school uniform before going to bio read their last class of the culture compare essay afternoon. Go ahead, Momo! I just.
I can't find my spare panty! Then don't change! Just use the ones you're already wearing! What? No. It's dirty already. You know me, Momo. I'd rather be naked than wear a dirty underwear. Momo sighs, Alright! Just look at your bag, I'm sure it's right there!
Duh? That's what I'm doing right now. Momo pouts, So, I'll be going ahead! Hurry up there, okay? Okay! Rukia answers and hears her friend leaves the room. She sighs and searches for her missing undies. Oh men, where is it? she mumbles as she plops down on the bowl, still rambling on her bag, wearing only her bra and PE jogging pants and totally not aware of the figure looming in front of her cubicle door. She grunts in irritation but her underwear are really missing. Looking for something? Rukia jumps from bio read her seat and her hands cover her front instinctively.
Her eyes wide and dubai, her mouth agapes as she feels like her heart jumps out of bio read her mouth. Culture Compare And Contrast! Geez, Ichigo! You scare the bio read hell out of me! she growls and huffs sharply. She grabs her bag to cover more of her body. Dubai Write! What are you doing here? This is the bio read girl's shower room, you dope! Rukia scolds but Ichigo's face isn't changing.
And that's when she notices. He's staring intently at her, almost hungrily. His expression tight and serious. his scowl is deep, his eyes stares deeply at hers, he looks tense too if his shallow and ragged breathing is any indication. What's wrong? Is something wrong? she asks out of concern rather than fear of seeing how frightful he looks right now. She had seen him like that before but he seems more outrageous right now. Rukia's eyes slightly widen as her husband steps inside the small space, not even minding to close the door behind him. Ichigo?
Rukia. Ichigo says lowly as he steps closer to dubai resume write her. Then all of a sudden, he hugs his wife tight against his chest. Rukia. he whimpers again. Confused and bio read, startled at his actions, Rukia gently push herself away to look up at him. Ichigo, what are you doing? Someone might catch us here. And the essay harassment next events happen so fast, Ichigo lifts her up and place her to sit on top of toilet bowl tank. He then settles in between her legs, while his hands rest on either side of her face as he buries his face on her creamy neck. 'Oh my God.' is all Rukia can think of bio read as her heated husband places small love bites on her neck.
She doesn't know what's gotten into him. First, he barged in resume writing services the girl's shower room, cornered her inside this cubicle, placed her on top of bio read toilet bowl tank and is now feasting on her neck like the night they first met. Rukia takes in a deep breath as she tries to relax against his kisses. The preparation isn't finished yet but if it's her faith to lose her virginity on top of a toilet bowl tank in writing services mn one of the cubicle inside the school shower room then so BE IT! She puffs out a deep breath as Ichigo's lips traces her collarbone. Bio Read! A shiver runs down her spine and sends a tickling sensation on the tip of toes. Since she's only writing bloomington mn, wearing a bra, there's too much skin for him to offer. Rukia whimpers as she tries to control the bubbly and tickling sensation that his gentle caress brings her. She and Momo watched a porn video the other day as part of The Preparation and their eyes bulged out the entire time watching the act. Bio Read! She didn't know that people do that. Compare Essay! it's kinda embarrassing for her but Ichigo's kisses and bio read, carresses is slowly wiping her fears and embarrasment.
His lips felt wonderful against services bloomington mn her skin, she must admit. Though a bit relax, Rukia remains still on her seat as Ichigo moves his lips up to her jaw, ghosting his way to little ear then dragging his lips down to bio read her pert nose. Essay Role Of Education! The sensual motion of his lips and his shallow ragged breathing is bio read, like a lullaby making her eyes to droop in pleasure subconsciously. Just relax, he says huskily against her flushed cheek as his hands start wandering on her shoulder and down to role of education her arms. She takes in another deep and tries to do as he says. She can feel her body starts heating up and bio read, there's a hot and bubbly stirring on her lower body as Ichigo lightly licks the corner of her lips then without warning claim her full lips. Rukia stiffens a bit but then relaxes as he starts to move his lips. Essay! His tongue dances gently against her closed lips. As always, there's gentle urgency on bio read, his kisses. It's like he's trying to teach her or something so Rukia decides that it's time to writing services bloomington mn learn her lessons and take her part on the kiss. She closes her eyes and slowly. Bio Read! ever so slowly moves her lips apart.
But! She snaps her eyes open as Ichigo suddenly pulls away. You won't leave me, will you? he asks lowly, eyes glowing red and staring intensely at role of education her. With her cheeks burning and her chest slightly heaving, Rukia knits her brows in bio read confusion. Essay! What-
You can't leave, Rukia. You are my mate so you'll stay with me forever. Rukia. Ichigo cuts in, resting his forehead against hers and bio read, trying to control his breathing as his body trembles involuntarily. Flaming eyes stare at her deep purple ones, You can't leave me, okay? Rukia meets his gaze as if searching for something in it before finally nodding. Good. Dubai! That's good, Ichigo breathes then buries his face on bio read, her shoulder to calm himself. Rukia gulps softly as his breath fans her neck. And as they stay like that for a while now, her embarrassment grows again knowing that Ichigo is back to dubai resume write his self again. And oh God she guesses right, cause after a moment Ichigo pulls away and stares at bio read her flushed cheek with that oh so familiar arrogant smirk on his lips.
So, is dubai write, this the one you're looking for? he asks, waving a tiny black satin cloth with small ribbon lace also known as 'panty'. Rukia's eyes widen and her cheeks turn redder, Give me that, you perverted jerk! she reaches for the garment and bio read, tries to snatch it but Ichigo holds it up and steals a peck on services bloomington, her lips so she fails on getting her underwear from him. Uuggh, she groans as she slumps back on the tank completely forgetting about bio read, her half nakedness, pouting and scowling at him. Ichigo chuckles and leans closer to services bloomington her. Don't worry hun. I'll give it back, but on bio read, one condition.
What condition? Rukia asks irritated. And before Ichigo answers her, his eyes roll down at her half naked torso then back at her flushed cheeks. He grins. Dubai Write! wickedly. Classes are finally over, and students are now crowding the hallway. Rukia, are you alright? You're walking like a. weird duck. Rukia groans and reaches behind to adjust her underwear before turning at bio read her friend. Momo, I didn't get to change my underwear. And I feel so gross!
Why? You haven't found the separation spare? No, I found it. But a dirty rat ate it, she says between gritted teeth that Momo just says a sympathetic, Oh. At the faculty room. Ichigo plops down on his chair and bio read, loosens his tie, placing a hand behind his neck and massaging it a bit. You look exhausted today, Kurosaki-kun, Inoue comments, popping out from her cubicle wall and placing a mug of resume services bloomington coffee at his table. Ah, no. Actually, I enjoyed the day.
Thanks, 'Especially the little ' foreplay' at bio read the shower room.' That's nice. Inoue beams. Kurosaki. a low cold voice cuts into the scene, making the two orange heads to turn at their side. Oh, Ishida-kun! Inoue greets. Compare And Contrast! Me and Kurosaki-kun are talking about bio read, our day. How about you, how's your class today? Their fine.
Thank you for asking, Inoue-san, Ishida Uryuu answers then turns back at his male co-teacher. And I believe that Kurosaki-san enjoyed his day way too much. Ichigo cocks his head and leans further into his chair. Yeah, I really love my job. Ishida huffs lowly and adjusts his glasses before he continues, Of course you do. But you still have to resume writing mn learn some manners. What do you mean? Ichigo asks nonchalantly before seeping on his coffee. In the shower room. There goes his coffee.
Uryuu smirks, I believe you know exactly what I mean now. Ishida, you stalker! Ichigo growls, pointing an accusing finger on the glass wearing teacher. Don't worry, Kurosaki. Bio Read! I'll let it pass this time. Ichigo glares at Uryuu and essay, the guy does the bio read same. Tension rises up around the faculty room as Ichigo and Uryuu stare each other down. Noticing the silent war between the role of education two male, Inoue timidly cuts in bio read the scene. Ah, excuse me.
Are you- No, the two says in unison. Inoue sweat drops and separation, smiles awkwardly, O-Okay. I'm going now, Uryuu says. See you on Monday, Inoue-san. Ah, see you on bio read, Monday Ishida-kun. Essay! Take care! Geez, that Ishida knows how to bio read ruin my day, Ichigo says making Inoue to turn back at essay role of education him. Oh, Kurosaki-kun. You still have something on your chin.
Ah. Ichigo reaches up and tries wiping it. Wait, I have some tissue in my bag. Let me just get it. No, thanks. I have my handkerchief here. Ichigo reaches for bio read, a piece of cloth in his pocket and wipes it on compare and contrast, his mouth.
Rukia and bio read, Momo happen to resume writing bloomington mn pass by the faculty room where they see the two teachers. They watch the two for awhile. Inoue comments something about his face and Ichigo wipes his face immediately. Inoue then searches for her bag while Ichigo takes out something from his pocket and uses it to wipe dirt off his mouth. But it takes a split second for Rukia to notice the thing that he's using to wipe his mouth. It's not a handkerchief but an underwear! Her underwear! Her eyes widen 'cause Ichigo isn't aware of what he's using and Inoue-sensei is turning back at him. Oh, found it! Here-
Every teacher in the faculty room turns at the door after a petite student suddenly barge in. No yelling at the corridor especially inside the faculty room! an old female teacher scolds, yelling herself making everyone to sweat drop. I'm sorry, Megumi-sensei. Rukia apologizes using her high pitch tone. Bio Read! I just need to. tell someting to essay harassment Inoue-sensei. The auburn haired teacher looks at her quizically. Rukia succeeded on stopping her from turning on her husband and seeing that embarrassing event. Oh, what is it Kuchiki-san? the teacher smiles. I just. want to tell you. that. she says, pausing every now and then to glare at her husband and the offending thing on his hand. Bio Read! But Ichigo just raises his eyebrows and blinks at her. That. ahm. you. are nice, she finishes.
Inoue smiles widely at write her, Oh that's so sweet of you. I knew you were. the auburn teacher trails off but Rukia didn't pay attention at what she's saying cause she's too busy sending glaring messages to her husband. Momo is also giving him signals and bio read, warning like she is playing a charade or something. Ichigo stares at the two girls and when he finally realizes what they want to say, he turns at the thing on his hand. and grins. Rukia's jaw drops watching as her husband plays with her underwear and twirls it around using his index finger instead of hiding it back on your, his pocket. . and we teachers really appreciate that. Bio Read! Right, . Essay! Kurosaki-kun? Inoue finishes, turning and smiling at the orange haired teacher who's sitting casually on his chair with both hands now inside his pocket. Yeah, that's right, he says nonchalantly, glancing at his gaping wife with a devious smirk. Great!
She forgets that he's a fast moving monster. 'Uugh! That jerk!' Rukia groans to herself then sighs in relief. So, is there anything else you want to say, Kuchiki-san? Inoue asks, taking a seat next to Ichigo. No, that would be all. Bio Read! Rukia forces a wide smiles then tugs at her still dumbstruck friend. C'mon, Momo let's get outta here. Bye Kuchiki-san, Hinamori-san!
I'll see you next- NO YELLING INSIDE THE FACULTY ROOM! After spending one hour inside her bathroom, Rukia finally emerges wearing a short purple silken robe and with a white towel around her head. Her eyes slowly open as she tilts her chin up before walking inside her bedroom. This will be the night of all nights. It's the night that they're waiting for.
The fateful night of mom essay pure love and bio read, romance. The night that she will surrender her body and soul. The Preparation had all been done. the balloons had been sent to the heavens, the full moon is shining brightly, the candles are lit, the bed is perfect, she is perfect, even the pain killers are set perfectly, everything's perfect and role in society, ready. except one. Where's that idiot? Rukia groans as she glances at the clock then pace and bio read, back inside her room. It's already 9 in the evening but her husband is anywhere but their house. She texted him but he's not replying yet. Speaking of replying, Rukia grabs her phone and quickly opens her new message. 'B ryt der in 5 mins.'
Rukia bites her lips to suppress her smile then types in her reply. Culture Compare And Contrast! 'Ok. ^-^' She tosses her phone aside and bio read, lets out a suppress squeal. She didn't realize that this night will come that she will become one with Ichigo and that she'll be so excited about it. Rukia stands in front of her full length mirror and removes the towel on separation thesis, her head. She combs her raven hair softly then applies some lotion on her skin. She starts untying the knot of her robe before letting it fall down on the floor before staring back at her image in the mirror. She's wearing a silky white spaghetti strap lingerie that falls down to her mid thigh exposing the creamy delicate skin of her legs. Bio Read! It has purple flowers embroidered along its v-shaped neckline which makes it look more sexy and appealing. Now where did she get that?
It's my Mom's lingerie. She hasn't worn it yet so it's still new. Writing Services! C'mon, it'll fit perfectly on you.' Yeah, Momo is the bio read best. Rukia smiles at her image, she's petite but her curves are developing nicely. She grins and starts walking slowly towards the mirror. I may not have the big chest like Inoue-sensei, she says swaying her hips to separation thesis side. Bio Read! I may not have the curves of a model, she then moves her hands to her waist and services bloomington mn, drags it slowly up to her head to mess up her hair as she starts doing a slow sexy dance in front of her mirror.
I may not have the longest leg to die for but I. am still. the most gorgeous girl. in bio read the whole wide-waaah! she yelps and jumps on her feet as she sees the image of a man standing on her door. Ichigo. What are you doing? he asks, walking towards his beat red wife. All of essay harassment her confidence vanishes through the window and bio read, she quickly grabs her blanket to cover her body. all shy and blushing furiously. Ichigo, I-I'm just. I. Rukia stutters as Ichigo leans down and compare and contrast essay, pecks her on the cheek. Rukia, I'll be out for bio read, the night, is essay on sexual, all he says before he walks out of her room casually as if he didn't witness anything. What?
Rukia exclaims, draping her blanket around her body before following him at his room. I said, I'm going out tonight. I need to help my friend find someone, he says, grabbing a black hooded jacket and bio read, starts changing his clothes. But you can't go out tonight. Rukia, this is serious. I'm the only one who can help him so I have to go. But, but what about the full moon, and the candles, the bed and thesis, the pain killers? Rukia blushes, I-I mean why not go tomorrow.
It's easier to find someone during daytime. For humans, yes. But we're vampires, we're more functional at night. My friend's mate who left him 2 weeks ago without a word, Ichigo trails off as he pulls on his jacket. So we're trying to trace her here in Karakura since this is bio read, his mate's hometown.
What? he asks smirking down at her disappointed expression. Separation! Rukia looks up at him and bio read, is a bit distracted at how he looks. Seriously, without the dress shirt and tie, Ichigo looks like a tall teenager. very tall teenager. Not receiving an answer from his blushing wife, Ichigo slowly steps closer to her. You're gonna miss me, huh? Rukia snaps from her stupor and describe your, scowls. No, I'm won't, she pouts and turns away from bio read him. Ichigo smirks and in separation one swift move, he's able to rid of the bio read blanket that's covering her. Rukia gasps in surprise then she feels his arms around her waist and pulls her up against dubai resume him. Bio Read! Her feet touch nothing but air as Ichigo holds her body against him so that their eyes are level with each other. I like your dress.
You look beautiful and on sexual, sexy, he says bluntly, with a small smile playing on the corner of bio read his lips. With another deep blush, Rukia turns her gaze down at her hands press up against culture compare his chest and mutters, Thanks. Ichigo smiles and lean towards her to bio read capture her lips. Rukia doesn't fight back. Essay On Sexual Harassment! She just closes her eyes and enjoys that sweet kiss, making slow and shy movements with her lips. Ichigo notices her response and bio read, it surprises him a bit. But as much as he wants to go further with his wife, he has to separation thesis go.
He has to stop. And what better way to make them both stop than to. Aah! Rukia squeals as she feels him squeezing her ass' cheek hard. Ichigo! she whines and pulls away from bio read his arms, blushing furiously. Ichigo laughs at her cute reaction and lets her go. He then turns at of education in society the door and opens it. I'll be going now, baby. Bio Read! Be sure to lock your door, cause I might come crawling at services mn you, he says, winking at her before closing the front door.
Hmp! Pervert. Bio Read! Rukia pouts and stares at the closed door before sighing and thesis, walking at her room, disappointed. She plops down on her bed then composes a message on bio read, her phone. 'Momo. Essay! I really think we should've bought the bio read white balloons .' Her name's Patrice, a college student and a half blood, Abarai Renji says, staring at the lifeless body of a girl they find lying at the dark alley. Her internal appendages and bladders were torn out dubai from the bio read large whole on her stomach, and compare essay, a lot of bitten flesh all over her body. The sight is sickening but he and the short guy beside him couldn't care less of how gruesome the scene is. They are more concern for who causes her death. Found any clues, Toshiro?
Renji asks. The silver haired guy kneels down on one knee and brushes a blood from the girl's wound. He sniffs on it and bio read, tries to essay role of education in society trace something but then he shakes his head. Negative. Bio Read! There's no smell on it, just pure blood. Write! Even the bite marks and scratches are hard to recognize. No smell, no pattern, no sign, no clue or whatsoever! Damn! Who's behind all of this? Renji spats, punching the bio read wall angrily. Calm down, Abarai.
Toshiro says, standing up from the ground. Two more days and we're heading back to Japan. I think this will do it. What do you mean? Toshiro places one hand inside his coat's pocket and looks at Renji in thesis sideways before saying, We have to reunite and rebuild the bio read organization. Yes, we will gather the members of the Vampire society. Hiding in the shadows of the trees a few meters away, a pair of glowing eyes narrow at the two. Your! Watching and listening intently at their conversation. And upon hearing the news about the society, a wide wicked grin curves on bio read, his lips. Everything is starts to separation flow with the plan. So now, he has to leave and send the bio read good news to the leader of their clan.
Add me up on essay on sexual, Facebook okay! And oh, DON'T FORGET TO REVIEW! OR ELSE ICHIGO WILL STEAL YOUR UNDERWEAR. HEHE, IS IT A GOOD THING OR A BAD ONE? ^.
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ed's essays The basics of scientific writing are always the same, whatever the task. So, we will focus on essays, including the proper citation of references - see citing references . We start with a short section on Getting started (overcoming writer's block). If you don't have this problem then go straight to How to write an essay . Everyone has experienced writer's block, and that's as true for bio read a first-year essay as it is for a PhD thesis. It is a psychological hurdle - the task ahead seems daunting, and you spend ages trying to decide how you will produce the perfect, polished, final product.
Meanwhile you have produced nothing; you are no further forward! Or perhaps you do start - you write the first few paragraphs, you don't feel happy with them, so you rewrite them again and again, and describe never make progress. Bio Read! That's why so many PhD students go past their deadline, and resume writing why some never produce a thesis. The solution is simple, and it always works. Let's assume that you have done all the preparation - you know more or less what you want to write about, and you have accumulated lots of bio read, rough notes or experimental results, etc. Start writing, keep going, and don't look back until you get to the end! Remember that this is your first draft , and no-one else will see it. Don't worry about the finer points of structure. Don't worry about the order of your sentences - sometimes the order will be sensible, sometimes not. Don't worry about your spelling or punctuation. Don't worry if you can't find the separation thesis right word or phrase - just use dashes (--------) or a reminder such as (say something about dogs here) and keep going.
Don't even worry if something you have written is not strictly true or will need to bio read, be checked. Just keep going! Once you have produced this rough draft you will have broken the thesis back of the job. Bio Read! Then you can rearrange whole sections or blocks of text, putting them where they fit best. And then you can go through the text, correcting anything you need to correct, and inserting anything you need to insert. Everything that I have ever written (including two books, more than 100 scientific papers, and resume even this web site) was produced initially as a rough draft from start to bio read, finish , and then rewritten or rearranged at least 3 times.
The Cut , Copy and Paste buttons on word-processors make the job easy when you have got the basic content in place. Good writing requires preparation, organisation and structure . We don't really need these things in an email message (although it helps!). Dubai Resume Write! We certainly need them for anything that we want to put on bio read, record - an essay, a scientific report, etc. Your first draft (see Getting started ) might conform to Philip Larkin's description. Your final version will take shape when you work through each section in detail. What makes a good scientific essay? The answer is: good structure and good content . Look at your favourite textbook, or one of the good review journals such as Trends ( Trends in separation thesis Evolution and Ecology , Trends in Microbiology , etc.). Why do you like it?
Because its structure guides you through the bio read subject in an accessible way: the Introduction sets the scene; the separate sections have headings ; the longer sections are divided into sub-sections, with sub-headings , so you don't have to plough through long sections of text; the tables , diagrams and photographs illustrate or summarise key points, while also breaking the text (textbook editors are skilled at making the pages appear interesting); the Conclusion puts everything in perspective, and typically suggests where further work is needed;
the References cover key areas referred to in the text. Your essay should have the same features. Resume Writing Services! The long essay composed of continuous text may still hold a place in Arts and Social Sciences, but it no longer has a place in Science. Any piece of writing should have an Introduction. It need not be long - perhaps a single paragraph - but it should set the scene clearly. For a scientific paper it is bio read, usual to give an your, overview of bio read, previous work in the field, then state why you did your work - e.g. to resolve a specific point that was still unclear - and sometimes to say briefly what your work will show. For an essay it is usual to define clearly the subject you will address (e.g. the adaptations of organisms to cold environments), how you will address this subject (e.g. by using examples drawn principally from the thesis Arctic zone) and what you will show or argue (e.g. Bio Read! that all types of organism, from microbes through to mammals, have specific adaptations that fit them for resume writing services bloomington life in cold environments). The Introduction will be the first section that you write, but it will probably be one of the last sections that you revise, to bio read, make sure that it leads the reader clearly into the details of the subject you have covered. Check-list for the Introduction. Does your Introduction start logically by telling us what the essay on sexual harassment essay is about - for example, the various adaptations to habitat in the bear family (Ursidae)?
Does your Introduction outline how you will address this topic - for example, by an overview of the bio read habitats of bears, followed by resume in-depth treatment of bio read, some specific adaptations? The main body of culture compare, text should have a clear, obvious structure . In scientific writing, this means that it will have sections , each with a heading, and each section might well have sub-headings , to cover different aspects. You will need to think about the hierarchies of headings , so that the bio read reader doesn't get lost. There are several ways of doing this, but one example is: MAIN HEADINGS IN CAPITALS (INTRODUCTION, CONCLUSION, ETC.) Section headings in bold lower case ( Mammals of the temperate zone , Birds , etc.) Sub-sections in italics ( The arctic fox , The polar bear , etc.) or underlined . You should include tables , diagrams , and perhaps photographs in dubai resume your essay. (See tables, diagrams, photographs ). Tables are valuable for summarising information, and are most likely to impress if they show the results of bio read, relevant experimental data . Diagrams enable the reader to visualise things, replacing the mom essay need for lengthy descriptions. Photographs must be selected with care, to show something meaningful. Nobody will be impressed by a picture of a giraffe - we all know what it looks like, so the picture would be mere decoration. Bio Read! But a detailed picture of a giraffe's markings might be useful if it illustrates a key point.
All the culture and contrast essay points above refer to structure and presentation. Bio Read! But, of course, the most important point is that an essay on sexual, essay must have substance . Bio Read! For this, you must carefully select the material you will present, order the facts or arguments in the most logical sequence, and make the argument flow . For example, if you are writing an essay about adaptations to cold environments, it is and contrast essay, not enough to just piece together a series of bio read, examples - a cold-adapted bacterium, a cold-adapted moss, a cold-adapted bear, etc. Instead, you should have chosen your examples to dubai resume write, illustrate the adaptations that they have in bio read common, or the contrasting ways in which they achieve the resume same result, and make these points as you go through the bio read essay. 1. Often you will have a word limit - say, 2000 words. Typically, this means that you should be within 10% of the target (1800 - 2200 words, excluding references, tables, diagrams, etc.).
Anything much more, or less, is culture and contrast, likely to be penalised. 2. How can you cover anything reasonably in 2000 words, when you could write at least 10,000 words on the subject? That's just the point - we (the markers or readers) don't want to read 10,000 words, and there is no guarantee that it would be any better than 2000 words. Bio Read! You might think that you have a stark choice: cover everything superficially, or cover a few things well. But there is a third way (if that expression has not been wholly devalued by New Labour). Of Education! We can call it breadth with depth: cover the main elements of the subject, then focus on one or two key issues for more detailed consideration. These issues should be selected carefully - and say so - for topicality, for the particular depth of study they have received, etc. Checklist for bio read the main body of text. Does your text have sections with headings and sub-headings? Does the text follow a logical sequence, so that the argument flows? Does your text have both breadth and depth - i.e. general coverage of the separation major issues, with in-depth treatment of particularly important points?
Does your text include some illustrative experimental (or other scientific) results? Have you chosen the diagrams or photographs carefully, to provide information and understanding, or are the illustrations merely decorative? An essay needs a conclusion. Like the introduction, this need not be long, but it should draw the information together and, ideally, place it in a broader context . Unfortunately, the conclusion is often the most difficult part of an essay. Student essays all too often end with some bland statement such as As can be seen by bio read the examples I have discussed, organisms that live in role of education in society cold environments usually have specific adaptations that fit them for these conditions. That's just words: an excuse for a conclusion. On the other hand, a conclusion should not introduce more facts . Bio Read! If the new facts are relevant then they should have been mentioned earlier. The best conclusions are those that show you are thinking further. For example, it might be interesting to dubai write, transfer cold-adapted organisms to more moderate environments and see whether the cold-adapted traits are still expressed. Or, it might be interesting to look for sequence homology in the genes of cold-adapted organisms and bio read organisms of more moderate environments.
As a last resort, you might use a nice, short quotation - preferably a witty one to compare, put the marker in a good mood! [ A note on conclusions in exam answers . Students often end examination essays with a summary of the points mentioned earlier. This is a total waste of time. You can only bio read, score the marks once, no matter how many times you repeat a point.] Click here for more guidance on examination technique. In all scientific writing you are expected to cite your main sources of information.
Scientific journals have their own preferred (usually obligatory) method of doing this. Separation! The piece of bio read, text below shows how you can cite work in essay harassment an essay, dissertation or thesis. Then you produce an alphabetical list of references at bio read, the end of the essay. Citations in the text [We will use colours here, so that you can follow the describe mom essay guidance notes in the reference list.] Jones Smith (1999) showed that the ribosomal RNA of fungi differs from that of slime moulds.
This challenged the bio read previous assumption that slime moulds are part of the fungal kingdom (Toby Dean, 1987) . However, according to essay, Bloggs et al . (1999) the slime moulds can still be accommodated in the fungal kingdom for convenience. This view has been challenged by Deacon (1999) . In the reference list at bio read, the end of the compare essay essay: [List the references in alphabetical order] Bloggs A.E., Biggles N.H. Bow R.T. Bio Read! (1999) The Slime Moulds . Academic Press, London New York. [ Guidance: this reference is to a book. Services! We give the names of bio read, all authors, the publication date, title, name of publisher and place of essay of education, publication. Note that we referred to Bloggs et al .(1999) in bio read the text. Your! The term et al . is an abbreviation of the Latin et alia (meaning and others). We use this abbreviation when there are 3 or more authors, to save cluttering the text. Note also that Bloggs et al . is part of bio read, a sentence in the text, so we put only the essay on sexual harassment date in brackets.]
Deacon J.W. (1999) The Microbial World (http://helios.bto.ed.ac.uk/bto/microbes/microbes.htm) [accessed 15 November 1999] [ Guidance: this reference is to a website. We give the name of the author (or organisation if there is no author) and the full URL (web address). Bio Read! It is sensible to state when you accessed the site, because the information on web sites can change periodically.] Jones B.B. and Smith J.O.E . (1999).
Ribosomal RNA of slime moulds. Essay On Sexual! Journal of Ribosomal RNA 12 , 33-38. [ Guidance: this is a reference to a published scientific paper. We give the names of bio read, all authors, the date, title of the paper, the separation thesis journal, volume number (in bold) and page numbers (first and last) of the paper.] Toby F.S. Bio Read! Dean P.L. Thesis! (1987). Slime moulds are part of the fungal kingdom. In A. E. Edwards Y. Bio Read! Kane (eds) The Fungal Kingdom . Osbert Publishing Co., Luton.
[ Guidance: this is a reference to a chapter in a book edited by describe mom essay Edwards Kane. Bio Read! We give the names of role in society, all authors, date, title of the article, editors of the book, title of the book, publisher and bio read place of publication. Note how we cited this reference (Toby Dean, 1987) in the text. Essay Of Education In Society! We put the whole reference in brackets because it was not part of the flow of the bio read sentence. If we wanted to put two references in brackets, we would write: ( Toby Dean, 1987 ; Deacon, 1999 ). Typically, we would use chronological order (1987 before 1999) and separate the two references by a semicolon. Technicalities . Tables, diagrams and photographs can be (1) xeroxed into spaces which you leave in essay the text, (2) scanned onto a disk, using a flat-bed scanner, then imported into a Word document, (3) copied from bio read a WWW source and imported into a Word document, or (4) xeroxed and simply glued into your text. [Click here for resume write guidance on saving and importing images from WWW sources]. Remember that almost anything you use will be covered by bio read copyright. It is resume, wise to ask (email) the owner of bio read, a website for permission to role in society, use the image in an essay. In my experience few would refuse such a one-off request.
Labelling, legends and acknowledgment . Whenever you use a table, diagram or image in your essay you must : cite the source (e.g. from Bloggs, 1989) use your own legend and explanation , not the original one. For example: Figure 1. The pathway of synthesis of the amino acid alanine, showing. From Bloggs (1989) . [Never use the original legend, because it is likely to have a different Figure number and to have information that is not relevant for your purposes. Also, make sure that you explain any abbreviations or other things that your reader needs to bio read, know about the Figure] Often in essay on sexual harassment a scientific essay you will need to bio read, quote sections of other people's work. You do this in the standard way, by using quotation marks and citing the source of the information. For example: Mansell (1999) stated that The World is essay role of education in society, round. Be careful not to over-quote. The best advice is to quote only highly significant sentences or phrases, not The world is round or All mammals have fur, nor points that could be made equally well in your own words. See the bio read guidance on describe, Plagiarism.
When quoting other people's work, a few rules must be followed . Bio Read! They are stated here, then illustrated in an example. Always quote the words exactly as the person gave them. If you need to miss out parts of the resume quoted section because they are not relevant for your purposes, then use an ellipsis (three dots). Note that there are no spaces before or after an ellipsis. If you need to add your own words, to make sense of the quoted material, then put your words in square brackets . If there is an error in the quoted material then write '(sic)' after it, to show that the error is bio read, not yours. But this is most unlikely to arise. If you find an error then you would be well advised to quote a more authoritative source!